Italian book cover

Anna Abbiate Fubini
Childhood: times of mutability


Copyright Italian Book: March 24 2008

Registration Number TXu 1-622291






Internal index:
#foreword, #rythms and phases(*), #life_cycle, #sleeping_reason, #embryogenesis' biological "organizers", #genoma, #petit prince, #complexes(*), #Adler, #sociological problem(*), #hopes, #childish tantrums, #rhinos, #references (*) improved by new - basic - adds


To note:
The explanatory descriptions and illustrations at hand on this file should be completed with the more documenting, schematic, ground-based data of the file My guides... my roots...


September 29 2014



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Foreword

Healthy Child Development is Essential for Lifelong Health

FOURTH DIMENSION

The concept of BEING rightfully belongs to PHILOSOPHY, like the other fundamental and wider principle: the essence of TIME, of changes, of evolutions, in short of the FOURTH DIMENSION of everything, and even more of the living beings. Besides the rearing of babies is a turning point in the running flow of generations, preparing the future "being" of adulthood, and at the same time developing the composite world of the grown-ups' works.
Hence every fact and subjectively every moment of life move into MEMORY and its -  conscious – materialising into continuous and renewed EXPERIENCE.


Albert Einstein and the fourth dimension
An anecdote which perhaps has never actually happened, but which is anyway very instructive.
An old geometric riddle, presented as an anecdote in Maria Toffetti’s book, easily explains the concept of fourth dimension, too often not accepted or confined to irrational vagueness, a concept which would instead seem obvious both on a general level and, even more so, on the level of the living beings’ existence.
Albert Einstein, too, dealt with tetrahedrons: at a congress, having been criticised for his unexpected concept of a space-time in four dimensions, he asked his colleagues to build four equilateral triangles with six tooth pickers. Nobody in the room managed to place on a plane the tooth pickers to form the required triangles, which is, as a matter of fact, impossible. So Einstein built a tetrahedron with the six sticks and commented: “If you can’t use the third dimension, with which you make experiments every day, how can you hope to understand the fourth?”

What does exist is development, and the development is redeeming change
Childhood does not exist. What does exist is development, and the development is redeeming change


Also after the books published the site changed: then it is fitting to look at times on the Web pages not to miss the novelties. Ant way all links and quotations are continually refreshed so, if this Web site will always be maintained under speedy and diligently revised construction, also every readers' suggestion will be appreciated and followed: every suggestion and from every source.
Site and inner links will be often refreshed

Any way the site being continually up-graded to be carefully informed it is suitable to go to the dedicated file Novelties on the site.

Rhythms and phases

Growing child does be
 engaged in fundamental experiences 
              according to rhythms and phases
unique to him/herself
  Each of us, however even good, prepared, cultured
 parents, doctors and teachers 
    can commit continual disastrous violence
 on the helpless psyche of the child,
         believing for his/her own good
in an immature, insensible way 
               or endorsing fashionable schools of thought. 
                        Once deprived of real experience, 
           children elaborate empty fancies
 and artificial compensations, 
                    which either block or deform their growth. 
       Thus they are turned into
immature, unformed or badly shaped adults
                engraving a mark on generations to come.
     But yet to enter the imperfectly known times of mutability
is however not so difficult.
                        It is sufficient to be sympathetic,
                           to cooperate with respect, 
                    to participate with curiosity and pleasure. 
            In short it is sufficient to take children's evolution in earnest
           and at the same time reawaken one's own evolution.


Life cycle and society: forward and backward

But human life and - therefore - human growth do not abstract from a very ample and differentiate surrounding: at the same time every human life is always subjected to environmental - ambient, milieu, sociology, politics - variations. But not only space, people, natural and cultural factors act in a fix time: the long and complicated human existence undergoes a complete variability furthermore in terms of TIME, as forward and as backward passages.

Childhood and SocietyChildhood and Society: by Erik Homburger Erikson is depicted as a landmark work on the social significance of childhood. (Winner of the Pulitzer Prize and the National Book )
Identity and the Life Cycle goes deeply into the relationship of life history, relates to each other observations on groups studied on field researches and on children observed longitudinally and clinically, also beyond adolescence, into the critical stages of the whole life cycle, to join then The Problem of Ego Identity from biographical, clinical, and social points of view.
After beginning and wholeness, the conclusive denouement is also the subject of other books till the rounding off The Life Cycle Completed by Erik Homburger Erikson and his wife Joan Mowat Erikson (Paperback - June 1998)



Policy and Politics

Experts and academics speak out against the 'erosion of childhood'

Catherine Gaunt, 04 October 2011, 12:00am
Last week, more than 200 experts signed a letter to a national newspaper calling for action to protect children from 'the erosion of childhood' through commercialisation and technology, and calling for a play-based curriculum for children under six in nurseries and schools. Two of the letter's signatories have given their views to Nursery World. Baroness Susan Greenfield, CBE, FRCP (HON) Senior Research Fellow, Department of Pharmacology, University of Oxford

Too Much, Too Soon?: Early Learning and the Erosion of Childhood

The unprecedented influences of the 21st century are impacting on the young mind with unprecedented results. This timely book offers a wide-ranging collective wisdom on how to optimize the individual potential of the next generation.
Baroness Susan Greenfield CBE FRCP (Hon), author of ID:

A meaningful quotation about childhood from a famous Romantic English poet,
William Wordsworth:

MY HEART LEAPS UP WHEN I BEHOLDworld children
          My heart leaps up when I behold
              A rainbow in the sky:
          So was it when my life began;
          So is it now I am a man;
          So be it when I shall grow old,
              Or let me die!
          The Child is father of the Man;
              I could wish my days to be
          Bound each to each by natural piety.
                                                           Written at Town-end, Grasmere: 1802.

... to a child from whom this grown-up grew

Le petit PrinceTo Léon Werth,
I ask the indulgence of the children who may read this book for dedicating it to a grown-up. I have a serious reason: he is the best friend I have in the world. I have another reason: this grown-up understands everything, even books about children. I have a third reason: he lives in France where he is hungry and cold. He needs cheering up. If all these reasons are not enough, I will dedicate the book to the child from whom this grown-up grew. All grown-ups were once children -- although few of them remember it.

And so I correct my dedication:
                           TO LEON WERTH
                    WHEN HE WAS A LITTLE BOY
A' Léon Werth
Quand il était petit garçon

Alliance for ChildhoodAlliance for childhood
Is childhood a time when the path of one's life is influenced and perhaps the course sets a vital time in the life of ever? Playday is the annual celebration of children's right to play - a national campaign coordinated by Play England - where children and young people from across the country get out and play at locally organised events. Past year's Playday will be held with the theme: "Our streets too!". The campaign highlights the need for children's play to be a priority in street design and use, as well as car drivers and other users. The Future of Childhood: the way we bring up and educate our children has effects that are of a nature that are longer term than we normally assume, and in our globalised world we should become even more conscious of this.
Adults frightened to let kids out to play: Parents are stopping their children going out to play on their own because of safety fears, potentially restricting their future development. Articles Edited by C. Clouder, S. Jenkinson and M. Large and published by Hawthorn Press:
This lively collection of articles presenters offers stimulating insight for dialogue about how we can give due respect to children. Here are UN Charter of Children's Rights and Childhood by the Alliance. There are useful references, contacts and resources for networking. This lively collection of articles by Conference presenters offers stimulating insight for dialogue about how we can give due respect to children. There are useful references, contacts and resources for networking.
Look also at UNICEF's Convention on the Rights of the Child.

PsychohistoryThe Emotional Life of Nations by Lloyd deMause
Chapter 9 ---- The Evolution of the Psyche and Society
Since the further back in history one goes the lower the level of childrearing, it follows that children in the past grew up in houses of horrors that were like those of dissociated personalities of today. Psychiatric studies have shown that there is a direct correlation between elevated levels of dissociative symptoms — separate alters, depersonalization, derealization — and the amount of early physical, sexual and emotional abuse. That the average person before the modern period walked streets full of spirits, demons, gods and other alters is evidence of the dissociation that resulted from their routine abuse and neglect as children. Historical evolution of the psyche, therefore, is the slow, uneven process of integrating fragmented selves into the unified self that is the goal of modern upbringing.2



Talking on regard of such matters, an interlocutor gave us a good opportunity to undermine a possible operational - and then seriously misleading - misunderstanding. On reading emotively some quotes he took - wrongly - to mean that just a precise evil will and purposes are ever acting to damage the normal children's development and rearing. But UNFORTUNATELY - I repeat: unfortunately - the widespread share of faulty ways to rear children doesn't pertain only to a deliberate active program which nevertheless could have a parallel, adverse open "battle-field". The worldwide parental behavior mirrors instead a NORMAL Gauss curve: at the extremes are - here -  the "very good" ones with their good Masters and - there - the wicked ones indocrinated by evil Masters as Delgado and his cronies. But so actually in the large middle of the curve there is a bulk of passive lay-people: idleness, superstitious, of adults not really grown, of bad lived infancies, of people lacking or removing founding experiences.


El sueño de la razon produce monstruos...

Growing child engaged in fundamental experiences 
according to rhythms and phases all of his/her own...

A concept explained with these quotes written by an unhappy adopted child
 Better alone than in bad company……
Affection and understanding?  Certainly not!!!!   Fed up, senseless conversations, unsolicited advice, humiliation, wearisome situations and so much, so much NOTHING!  NOTHING covered the walls of the house, emerged from their mouths under the form of unknown words, NOTHING lunched and dined with us and always at the same time. NOTHING existed in a caress never given, existed in their hearts and their mind. When there is “nothing” to give, when adults lack the experience of emotions and of living, then truly there in nothing to be done and nothing to say.
How to take children's evolution in earnest? How can children be helped to follow their fundamental expansion in respect of their natural and personal established times and ways?
However evident is that growing, developing children are mighty marks of "running" times and then disconcerting "advices" of slipping away generations: then what should do a grown-up if immature, unformed or badly shaped? Tangled memory, faulty early ages result in further abandonment feeling: with such refusal of total reality of origins also oneself childhood should be disparaged if not rejected. What should people do when an unbearable pain condemns to worship a fake reassuring security, a self-centered security stiffened on a present that one would like to pass slowly in order to let savor the pleasure of living? On the aim not to feel such "terrible" emptiness and despair, why does not be preferable to hinder these "tokens of running times" if not really hate them?
Forward and backward? How can get a person grew from a denied childhood? Is it so strange at least to block them, wishing to portray and shelter static, everlasting babies? Is it so strange that if all grown-ups were once children -- although few of them remember it?
Notwithstanding there are - even if ever painful - ways to recover infancy's sense: for example discovering  the true message endorsed on to feel "terribly afraid" for that child no longer with us, that child who won’t come back anymore and who in a certain sense slipped away, causing a pain so terrible to be alike a real mourning as for a death.
At my sister’s house this evening I saw some photos of my niece and nephew when they were little. There was one of F. at four years old and it made my stomach churn…. It seemed almost impossible that he has grown up so much and at the same time the baby he was isn’t here anymore: for my feeling the "baby" now is "dead".
I had a sensation of being blocked, something which makes me feel and that I worry I can’t bear. The pain for that child no longer with us, that child who won’t come back anymore and who in a certain sense slipped away from me. How I didn’t experience him enough, how many things I missed in him and terribly afraidmissed in myself. It’s a pain which brings a feeling of emptiness, a pain which opens an abyss – a kind of black hole in into which I fear I will fall.
I cling so much to the present that it gives me security, a present that I would like to pass slowly in order to let me savour the pleasure of living, yet runs so fast and the more it runs the more I feel that I am moving towards that abyss of finding myself at the end of my life with only regrets.
It’s a kind of grief, like that of losing the really passed away Aunt A., like that of when K. began to go out with P., it’s a kind of grief and an abandonment. You can’t imagine (or maybe you can) how difficult it is to make part of me understand that you can’t revive ghosts: that part of me doesn’t want to hear reason. It would like to see just one time the face of that child, embrace him again. It is obstinate and doesn’t want to accept things as they are.
At this point it’s difficult for me to understand who I am, I’m really confused. But maybe it was time because I’ve been feeling empty for too long. I said to K. too this morning that I felt like a “had my balls cut off"(°) almost in the anatomical sense of the word.
(°) On regard of this situation, is it more offensive the term "had my balls cut off"? or the deceiving, fake-protective words offering guarantees for a - fake - "security"? "Reassurance" as well as "protection"...: any way alike words recall something "against", recall "defence", evoke "safety measures"...

This file/chapter completes the preliminary one Children of YESTERDAY = today's adults. Today's adults  -> adults of TOMORROW: in both the below famed plate is accompanied by explanation pointing to the remarkable far-sighted animality of the lynx expressed in her attentive, perplexed, preoccupied glance and to the sly glimpse which transpires from the - deceptively friendly - eyes of the owls and of the malignant cat lying half-hidden behind the sleeper.)
Caprichos 43 1797
El sueño de la razon produce monstruos.... is written in the Cervantes' Don Qijote and again by Francisco de Goya y Lucientes in his more famed table - 43- of the Caprichos 43  1797 (El Prado  Madrid)
Sueños y Discursos  de verdades descubridoras de abusos, vicios y engaños en todos los oficos y estados del mundo: this quote comes  from the full autographical title in this preparatory drawing.
 
The bending figure is surrounded by eight owls, numberless bats, a lynx and a camouflaged black cat symbolizing idleness and lust. Only the lynx at the feet of the artist stand for positiveness: Goya warns us to be on the look-out like the lynx, whose excellent sight sees through the darkness, for when asleep we cannot defend ourselves from vices symbolized by the surrounding animals. (See 119 Galleria Salamon Catalogue, p. 43)
 
El sueño de la razon produce monstruos....??? 
  Does the sleep of reason generate monsters?
  Only in the silence of monsters can
the evolution of children and adults
become real.

Embryogenesis' biological "organizers"

geneticsGenoma: uniqueness and environment
 Together with the absolutely, obliged uniform basis of every body's development, the humankind has an INNER, genetic very individual uniqueness: The scientists of TCAG a Canadian centre for human genome and diseases -research Aug 1 2004 - TCAG supports discovery of large-scale genome variation (Nature Genetics) and launches 'Genome Variation Database'. Large-scale variation in the human genome- Letter by John Iafrate et al. - Charles Lee and colleagues report thatlarge-scale copy number variations (LCVs) are common in the human population. This previously unappreciated heterogeneity may underlie some of the phenotypic variation seen among individuals.

In full analogy - not only as metaphor - with the  embryogenesis' biological "organizers", each unfulfilled need (NEED not "wish"), each violation, perhaps each even apparently "small" trauma, which can perturb a crucial developmental phase.... can worsen up to the point of sweeping away the whole life in a vicious circle coiling in itself, even beyond the suffering person until many existences are overwhelmed: one's own and other peoples' life.
(Look at the embryogenesis' biological "organizers":
A Selective History of Induction II. Spemann's induction experiments
The Spemann-Mangold organizer
In 1901, Curt Herbst wrote that he thought it possible "to establish the occurrence of formative stimuli which are exerted from one part of the embryo to another, and to demonstrate eventually the possibility of a complete resolution of the entire ontogenesis into a sequence of such inductions." This prediction of inductive cascades was a bold statement, given that no sequence of events had yet been observed (1, 2). But that was soon to change. That same year, HANS SPEMANN (3) published "one of the most significant and seminal papers in the history of embryology" (4), his experimental analysis of lens formation in the frog.... In 1924, while working on the relatively large eggs of amphibians he discovered, together with Hilde Mangold, the existence of an area in the embryo, the portions of which, upon transplantation into a different part of a second embryo, induced the secondary embryonic primordia. The name "organizer centre" or "organizer" was given to those parts by him. He was ed the Nobel Prize in 1935  for this discovery of the organizer effect in embryonic development.

developmental biology

VOLUME 45, NUMBER 1, SPECIAL ISSUE  2001 THE SPEMANN MANGOLD ORGANIZER 75 Years on Edited by E.M. De Robertis and J. Aréchaga


Any way not only the embryological development can be explored by scientific experiments, but also  sophisticated implements can detect developmental changes, aka "to mature" not simply "to grow" - i.e.: qualitative and not quantitative transitions - on brain functioning through the ages from childhood to youth - the article holds huge references list.
Pioneering Stanford study shows how children's brain signaling differs from adults By ERIN DIGITALE
STANFORD, Calif. — The first-ever comparison of synchronization of brain signals in children and young adults helps explain why children are less adept at multitasking, emotion regulation and other behaviors that come with maturity, according to researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine.
Development of Large-Scale Functional Brain Networks in Children
Kaustubh Supekar1,2*, Mark Musen2, Vinod Menon3,4*
1 Graduate Program in Biomedical Informatics, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California, United States of America, 2 Center for Biomedical Informatics Research, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California, United States of America, 3 Program in Neuroscience, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California, United States of America, 4 Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California, United States of America
The ontogeny of large-scale functional organization of the human brain is not well understood. Here we use network analysis of intrinsic functional connectivity to characterize the organization of brain networks in 23 children (ages 7–9 y) and 22 young-adults (ages 19–22 y). Comparison of network properties, including path-length, clustering-coefficient, hierarchy, and regional connectivity, revealed that although children and young-adults' brains have similar “small-world” organization at the global level, they differ significantly in hierarchical organization and interregional connectivity. We found that subcortical areas were more strongly connected with primary sensory, association, and paralimbic areas in children, whereas young-adults showed stronger cortico-cortical connectivity between paralimbic, limbic, and association areas. Further, combined analysis of functional connectivity with wiring distance measures derived from white-matter fiber tracking revealed that the development of large-scale brain networks is characterized by weakening of short-range functional connectivity and strengthening of long-range functional connectivity. Importantly, our findings show that the dynamic process of over-connectivity followed by pruning, which rewires connectivity at the neuronal level, also operates at the systems level, helping to reconfigure and rebalance subcortical and paralimbic connectivity in the developing brain. Our study demonstrates the usefulness of network analysis of brain connectivity to elucidate key principles underlying functional brain maturation, paving the way for novel studies of disrupted brain connectivity in neurodevelopmental disorders such as autism ...
Citation: Supekar K, Musen M, Menon V (2009) Development of Large-Scale Functional Brain Networks in Children. PLoS Biol 7(7): e1000157. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.1000157
Academic Editor: Karl J. Friston, University College London, United Kingdom
Received: February 9, 2009; Accepted: June 11, 2009; Published: July 21, 2009
Copyright: © 2009 Supekar et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
* E-mail: ksupekar@stanford.edu (KS); menon@stanford.edu (VM)

In spite of growing evidence from these studies for patterned brain development, the functional organization of the human brain in childhood is not well understood and it is also not clear how the above structural changes translate to differences in functional brain organization between children and adults. ... Demographic and cognitive profile data for the child and young-adult groups are shown in Table 1. The two groups were well-matched and did not differ in IQ (p = 0.93) or gender (p = 0.75). Author Contributions Top The author(s) have made the following declarations about their contributions: Conceived and designed the experiments: KS VM. Performed the experiments: KS. Analyzed the data: KS VM. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: MM VM. Wrote the paper: KS VM.

Various issues, symbols, COMPLEXES

Some psychoanalytic concepts come from treating SYMPTOMS and then from present and/or past PATHOLOGIC situations: these are for example the inferiority feelings and the longing for final goals (look below at the important Adler's theories), or - much worse, and unfortunately even more pervasive - the so-called schizo-paranoid phase and the depressive position sustained by Melanie Klein and her school. (These last assumptions overlook every natural-to-be context  assuming whereas as absolutely standard a very children damaging situation: unfortunately - as very "bad Masters" - this "school" contributes to make awkwardly more widespread a rearing babies misconduct, awkwardly and not for effective social circumstances as do the Adler's studies and purposes. To better understand how really such theories and practice and consequent suggestion are  AT FAULT, read carefully the file/chapter How "to spoil" a child and also the more of its references.)
As quoted on a Summary Chart presented on  the file/chapter my guides... my roots... also another very important Author focused his attention on life's developmental stages: Jean Piaget whose studies tend to define how in all fields of life (organic, mental, social) exist ‘totalities’ qualitatively distinct from their parts and imposing on them an organization, and then on developmental stages. But his interests on Psychology preferred to choose not pathological field and cognitive development:
 As he delved deeper into the thought-processes of doing science, he became interested in the nature of thought itself, especially in the development of thinking. Finding relatively little work done in the area, he had the opportunity to give it a label. He called it genetic epistemology, meaning the study of the development of knowledge.
Carl Gustav Jung instead systematized fundamental concepts on symbolizing basic energies: a very bright idea was to simplify them in four key categories, called archetypes . But his well-constructed and fitting theories have a logical limit: they are ontological description of personalities "as they are", they refer to individuals in their collective being, no matter at what personal age nor at which degree of health or ailment. His school therefore granted the possibility of therapeutic work with also middle aged or even old people, but it is most fitting - and not instead confusing - only to whose who are sufficiently able to reach an abstract way of thinking and willing to gain their whole complete individuation. The key word preferred by Jung to explain the collective path towards every individuation is transformation: a word which though dynamic however does not contain to only complete  the meaning of evolution.
Not only grounding on patients' care, not only advancing abstract theories: impossible is to equate those at least at any rate ill-timed descriptions or all-embracing abstractions with the compelling basics brought up by SIGMUND FREUD, who committed his discoveries putting forward a developmental pedestal as a solid foundation on which to establish every further research. No way to compare the unilaterality, and staticity of all other schools with the strong and wide load-bearing concrete, stimulant science brought forth by him: primarily on postulating the "complexes" as necessary, successive phases of human development.
The first use of the term complex in the psychological field came notwithstanding from Jung and his The Association Method for detecting unconscious problems when free words association stops or changes direction: unfortunately this - pejorative - meaning has been the most popularly used till now. Instead if precisely accepted this word can't be easily changed since Freud's complexes describe real "journeys", real precisely timed occurrences, not only bare explanatory concepts: "to develop" isn't only "to grow...", and then not only on a clinical test, not only as pejorative term, but such essential designation could have used this simple easy word - on its own ethimology: com-plexus - to better ground crucial studies on human nature. Freud proposed descriptions established on fixed deeds NOT only static pathological data, NOT only abstractions, NOT mere descriptive metaphor: as school subjects the existing natural "complexes" can be performed with care or negligence, could be well carried out or messed up at wrong or at least inappropriate times. Like subjects of study, they are real powerful items determining  growth of potentialities, or instead mortifying personal whole life by rejection: both cases also affecting groups they belong to. Any way - luckily as happens for school rejected classes - after all some willing "rebuffed" people can recover better if with a redeeming external aid.


According to Hegel, [that] the Absolute is Spirit, and Spirit is Reality. All truth is within the Absolute. The Absolute has self-existence; i.e. it has being-for-itself. The Absolute results from a process of becoming and developing itself...
And so, since surely everything "real is rational", every real fact have to be the same at every time and everywhere: then a regular alternate unfolding doesn't pertain only to Freud's complexes, even less does be a Freud's imagination. Even the very ancient authoritative Chinese philosophyBASIC PATHS, on their interchanging forward and backward from static and expanse Yin to progressing Yang, from interior personal situation to towards the external world.  
First of all, life has to begin in the unabridged atmosphere of the oral complex, which can be briefly summed up in entries: "acquisitions", "holdings" and by a series of verbs, nouns and adjectives containing the concept of TOGETHERNESS expressed by typical prefixes - “con…”: as “concord”, “communication”, “complaisant”, "comprehensive"; “fusion”: like “diffusion”, “suffused”, “effusions”; “syn…” like “synergy”, “sympathy”, “syntony” and even by terms and ideas regarding something wide, indefinite all-embracing as "symbols".
The MOUTH is the centre propulsion of the complex, the mouth with its difficult characteristics, functions and developments, bestowed as it is with complex organs, sensibility and instinct: to it has been devolved the main function of feeding but also the certainly not secondary task of transmitting intelligible signals. But the term INFANCY with all its derivatives indicates a “defective” characteristic: in fact indicates the very characteristic of the as yet unattained capacity to transform into transmissible and intelligible words the internal language on common senses and communications, or better: the as yet unattained competence to GIVE A NAME to things in order to be able to dispose of them in a synthetic and abstract way.
Living bodies have however so many languages, moreover "cubs" should be provided by peculiar
call releasing stimuli: all this in fact considerably more numerous and powerful even than those Hundred languages of the poetry of Malaguzzi. Here below a sympathetic paradigm of these concepts is offered by this “strange couple” of rhinoceros, a mother and baby couple which succeeds only through genuine facial expressions in manifesting intense emotions and spreading them everywhere: from Zoo of Cincinati one can worldwide via Internet be involved in this pleasant and unusual example of what should be a TRUE oral complex and how the circularity can take place – certainly not the symbiosis(!!) nor even the identification(!) nor a complimentary relationship – in a shared worldwide oral relationship daughter- mother in its continuous evolution. depicts these



Breast milk provides menu of different flavours 23 July 2008 From New Scientist Print Edition.

IF YOU thought that breast milk must taste rather bland, think again. Human milk provides a veritable cornucopia of different flavour combinations that may prime a child to try new foods later on. ... "Human milk is clearly a substance which varies considerably in flavour over time and between different people," says Gary Beauchamp of the Monell Chemical Senses Center in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, who has also studied how flavours pass into breast milk. The findings could have practical implications for mothers worried about why their infant is refusing to feed, says Gill Rapley, a UK nurse with more than 20 years' experience specialising in postnatal care. "Mothers often talk about whether something in their milk may have upset their baby, but within 8 hours most flavours will be gone." Preliminary results from Hausner also suggest that breastfed infants might be more receptive to new flavours than bottle-fed ones. "It's not like if the mother eats apple pie the baby thinks 'mmmm, apple pie', but it may make them more accepting of the flavour of other foods," she says. "Breastfeeding may prepare the infant for flavour changes and new experiences when they start to eat solid foods.

Linda Geddes


The personal subjectivity by its internal "compliance" can express itself on the powerful reality of I like it: for ever and for a lot of situations the better imprint to a good-companionship life-style, the main stimulus to improve agreeable and friendly behavior. Nevertheless just if sane and accepted, this I like it whereupon should quit to let a new entry: I take it comes and goes on, followed by another powerful reality: the it is ENOUGH one, the wholeness of satisfaction giving and input to other, more ample aims. Genesis 2 :4-25 Creation second tale – The garden of Eden _At this turning point the Eden garden stops. In a life lived at its full, this INITIAL basic complex - relating to communication, belonging, Nature, “diffused” vitality etc. with all this "completeness" - has to give up, for being followed in time by its almost opposite anal complex: centered on distinguishing, sectorialising, defining, MAKING, i.e. also "artificiality", dividing and specifying, CHOOSING - therefore also meaning DENYING and rejecting. It develops its intrinsic potentialities in terms of precision and of temporal and spatial PROGRESSION: concepts to be summarized by words beginning with the prefix "pro" and "pre" - “produce”, “prosecute”, “preside”, “presence”, "provide" etc. The normal, effectual trend of "anal complex" is to handle - also really exploiting hands - onto every "outside" and "after", onto every matter concerning specifically "outputs" including also every TO DO. So its sublimations open towards "facts", actions, duties, every "outer" even figurative and abstract. Thus, since money, work and every other subject regarding "to do", "to earn" and "to preserve", and so on are essential parts of the sublimated "anal complex", this trend has also to regard equality: things and words, "things" and money, persons and functions. All this REGARDS every LIVING BEING and not only every human person: the anal complex as well as the oral one are real factual occurrences at the core of inner body/external world interaction; as the material inner body's openings are parts of a whole living TO BE and then: to personal health or even lack of health.
In the Italian language - more directly derived from Latin - an old-fashioned word exists to indicate by an unique faculty the change from babies to grown children: the by now speaking: "fanciulli", as the mainstream contrary of the previuosly unable  "infants". However if for human beings the first complex is “wordless” (from the Latin in-fans, therefore generic and in-fandum), the next is very punctilious and talkative and so - as ever for “active” centrifugal complexes directed outwards - names, things, syntheses, abstractions, relations are cardinal points: just about to better utter this fact the paragraphs dedicated to the anal complex are very eloquent, whilst the verbal explanations of the oral complex are expressed in a very concise form: in fact better illustrated by pictures for example by the already quoted unusual visual explanations of animal life.
The oral complex hints to wholeness, till the risk of indistinctness ignoring parameters of space and moreover of TIME. But an oral complex well "upgraded" MUST BE the founding ground of a really  lived existence since a true physiology of the being in action cannot disregard the multiple texture of present correlations nor the various past modalities in which the essence of a real human being should have concretized itself. Emotions, relationships, feelings, affection and subjective experiences give consistency at every moment to actual reality of the whole body condition, but each of them cannot disavow their previous passages. The word "complex" indicates just something into which many various elements are harmonized together and so the anal complex with its embodied "making" and "separating" contains also "aggressiveness": different from the greedy non-destructive   "aggressive-oral" one. For Latin language, ad-gredi means to go "towards" and not only "against": instead the "anal" dynamism with its "denying" and "rejecting" hints not only towards how to MANAGE; already by itself it implies not only disconnection, but also destruction. This "to wipe out" conducts towards ends, towards emptiness, towards loss and solitude, with their correlated fear and dismay. (Look at Freud's book Beyond the pleasure principle the beginning of his theory of death instinct).
But all this doesn't be an only sad situation: this mainstay developmental step gradually opens to every consciousness, growing into a founding way to the myself feeling and consequently of a true awareness of other's reality and feelings, as well as ownership allows to agree to other ones' belongings, whilst it expands also towards the we, the "to be member" of a defined Society. No doubt how difficult its pathway could go on, but how worse if deprived of the energetic support of a well-lived warm oral complex. Such occurence freezes its activity, each element transforms either into inhibition or in contraposition: performing in always limited way, in most cases becomes merely contrary and opposed. Worst of all it tends to come back statically "aping" a parody of what should have performed before: it does not proceed since spreads a confuse atmosphere of a false, malignant, hidden and fake oral complex. Thus it replaces its generalized benevolence with strict borders between a pampered "we" and excluded "deceptive" others; it replaces the "oral" instinctive farsighted (as that of the alchemic, symbolic lynx in Goya's picture above) with exaggerated precautions; counterfeits the oral quiet "to hold" with a mean avarice... Substituting the unconfined, broad-minded oral complex invades pervasively the whole world, borrowing its con- terms it takes for only merely aggressive, if not merely destructive meanings - competition, contraposition.... By establishing itself as basic, in order to avoid Nature and/or "diffusion" it can  turn into mere confusion when it scorns or ignores the preceding phase's contributions: but flooding beyond any border it intervenes also OUTSIDE to stop each oral-complex aspect, despised as too imprecise. Instead of guiding the harmonizing of several analogous factors, it takes on a myopic and single-handed "reasonableness" as the only perspective on life. Deprived of real roots of orality, it turns into a poor, narrow and narrowing copy of the rich and vital oral complex: so it neglects to follow and drive on its profound, mighty potentialities; its "we together" then becomes eager to violate the other's well-being: acting as a persecutory to exclude every "other-nesss" or to include other people into strict cult-like worshipness.
The human anal complex can after all reach a state of very valuable powers, unfortunately regardless  if not well developed: using its powers whensoever deprived of real basics it performs limited ways, in most cases becoming merely a bunch of contraries and oppositions, of static, ill-timed ritualized orders, if not a needy striving for - abusive - dependency and/or abusive destructive overcoming. Then what to say on regard of a narrowed thinking which works in terms only of contradictions, only of very strict either/or else, of ill-disposed disregarding "aut-aut"? As for a main example rational/irrational where not only "rationality" does not be considered to come from Latin ratio - which is only the name of the measurement ruler - but used instead as a Jolly counterfeiting more appropriate terms disdaining times and circumstances - as a far-sighted "to provide" stiffed on a "to supply" from "superiors to "inferiors". But the situation worsen when its misled opposite - "irrational" - taints with its contempt the simple "not yet conscious" and moreover the bodily "emotional", showing the total unawareness of the vital, lively widespread emotional world, in sum up promoting an active oblivion of everyone INNER basic to be.


Only after well fulfilled previous complexes the innate, latent third one can unfold its real happening to ripen its possibilities and values. The Oedipus complex well lived and overcome gives a better, more open view of a personalized, free, promising start towards all knowledge and possibility, of true humanity and true love. At about the fourth year of life normal development can (or unfortunately only "could") reach an extraordinary experience: the child can know deep, tremendous feelings pertaining to the "adult world" and, if all is favorable, he/she can share these deep but also really CONSCIOUS feelings with his/her significant adults. But this intense "love-affair" isn't only a static selfish episode: at the same time the Oedipus-child can profoundly understand, by his/her intense involvement who people individually are, what their feelings are, and can have a deep, albeit brief, feeling for the highest sentiments and the sources of well-built creativity (not to be confused with a longing for fanciful caprices"goals" and/or "fictions") and/or unreal.
www.isymbolz.com/spiritual/ confucianism/cf016.htmAs occurs not only in the main Chinese philosophy and religion, but also in human life everywhere, TWO CRUCIAL WAYS illustrate how every times and modes alternate together: one way, as Yin, quiet, broad, filling, resting... and one, as Yang, emptying, moving, tightening and coming out. The first can offer the chance to enjoy or at least to feel, the second the channel to master, to control, to change...: oral complex and the Oedipus' are of course aspects of Yin life, each followed by its symmetric Yang opposite. The value of a well performed anal complex could even improve the oral one, and correspondingly, in order to complete the "genital", gifted Oedipus' complex, comes forward what Freud summarized with a very skillful intuition as castration complex. Here it would take too long to explain all its capacities, functions and offers of possibility when it take place in the right manner and is based on sure roots. When unprepared, as also does the anal complex, it can proceed but too more often on the ruins and wreck of previous life, acting only as compensation, behaving in detrimental ways all the time beyond all ages, lasting unceasingly for one's whole life like a school subject never upgraded.

Also Alfred Adler, who was a thoroughly caring generalist doctor for "poor people", carried for psychological and sociological studies outmatchless contribution: also Adler after all should be considered as a Master among leaders in the field of psychoanalysis. He passionately described and clarified a mode of being of extreme SOCIOLOGICAL RELEVANCE owing to its WIDE DIFFUSION: for explaining the pathological ways of this issue his classic input arises by introducing the inferiority complex concept and term, which deserved a total widespread acceptation. Adler the compassionate doctor and Adler whose childhood was beset with rickets, did not have stage approach, was not a disciple of Freud: only he was his contemporary and participant in Freud's meetings: as an ardent critic as well as an uncertain follower. In effect he was a general practitioner endowed with a personal and professional experience very unlike of the Founder of the School ones. He was very distrustful of Freud's main statements not in terms of theory, but since from his personal profession and acquaintances. Freud’s “wealthy” and “well-educated” patients did no doubt suffer from serious neurosis, but they moved in an entirely different context from Adler’s “poor” and “simple” patients. As matter of fact all the people he worked with had taught him that their perception of the self was almost always characterized only by an everlasting sensation of “inadequacy”, defectiveness, incompleteness, going also with an inability to think analytically and theoretically, an inability to distinguish and know QUALITATIVE differences. As a matter of fact this wide spread group of people can only reason by "quantities" not by "qualities" besides "differences": hence, the grievance they always feel is to compare with envy themselves to others. How much far from the plenty and comprehension of Oedipus complex! How different is a scenery where short, noisy creatures are only waiting to become less "short" towards a more bold to be "noisy"! Adler relentlessly questioned the very existence of it as field-research.

Sociological problem

We can soon realize that children whom nature was cruel to, are apt to take on an approach to life and mankind different from that of those to whom the joys of existence were lavished right from the beginning.

Freud's findings proceeded from his rich and cultured patients and from his personal history, on the contrary Adler's practice "never" saw Oedipus ripeness: so on any occasion he criticized strongly the real existence of the Oedipus'c omplex. His patients and neighbors were instead acquainted with an omnipresent occurrence of what he called feelings of INFERIORITY, often turning in the pathological inferiority complex with the effort to overcome by compensation till superiority complex. Thus not a real personal opposition between two serious researchers then a real sociologic problem: how can a deprived people develop subtle feelings? Don't get "short" disturbing people inferiority feelings as "normal reactions" to the awareness of not being able to function in an obliged way, among already "grown" also physically higher people? (One can read an exhaustive summary on-line in Alfred Adler and in his Collected Works). Unfortunately really how wide spread in the world are peoples who NEVER attain personal Oedipus' feelings! How many peoples only experience feelings of deprivation and can't even imagine a plentiful existence! How broadly harming the motivation becomes for striving towards a future compensation to pass over a childhood mislead as a burden instead of having faced how creative is to share from childhood significant sentiments, to have for a while played - only plaid not suffered as incest - a lover's representation within an adult ambiance! The inferiority complex so much talked about is well illustrated in the quotes below:

This process begins in infancy as children become conscious of felt insufficiencies in the face of normal, everyday tasks, especially when they compare themselves to OLDER children and ADULTS. As a result, they experience what Adler called inferiority feelings, which are the very normal reactions to the awareness of not being able to function in a way that we wish. Adler also described this as experiencing a MINUS situation. These feelings become motivation for striving toward what he called a PLUS situation.Individuals strive in this direction because of the "creative power of life", which expresses itself in the desire to develop, to strive, to achieve, and even to COMPENSATE for defeats in ONE direction by striving for success in ANOTHER. This power is teleological, it expresses itself in the striving after a goal, and, in this striving, every bodily and psychological movement is made to cooperate.

Once deprived of real experience, 
children elaborate empty fancies and artificial compensations,
              which either block or deform their growth. 
       Thus they are turned into
             and that leaves a mark on generations to come.

Influenced by the German philosopher Hans Vaihinger, Adler held that individuals were not always guided in their actions by reality. They were also guided by fictions, or what they believe to be true, though these beliefs are largely unconscious (Vaihinger1925). These ideas formed the basis of Adler's concept of the FINAL GOAL. The final goal is a FICTIONAL creation of the individual - an imagined ideal situation of perfection, completion, or overcoming. Movement toward the final goal is motivated by a striving to overcome the feelings of inferiority. Although the final goal represents a subjective, fictional view of the future, it is what guides the person in the present.... To make up for what they did not receive as children, they may feel entitled to special consideration or compensation. They may want others to treat them well but do not feel an obligation to respond in turn. REMARKABLY BOTH PAMPERED AND NEGLECTED OR ABUSED CHILDREN MAY HAVE SIMILAR EXPECTATIONS AS ADULT. The first group expects the familiar pampering to continue; the other demands pampering as compensation. Both may feel entitled to everything and obligated to nothing
(Development of Personality Henry T. Stein, Ph., Martha E. Edwards, Ph.D. Classical Adlerian psychology)
Minderwertigkeitkomplex. We can soon realize that children whom nature was cruel to, are apt to take on an approach to life and mankind different from that of those to whom the joys of existence were lavished right from the beginning.

How can get someone deprived of the SPECIFICITY and values proper to infantile development? How can feel forever “complete” someone, who has never known the absolute values TYPICAL of successive developments, leading ownself conscious existence to expand in the alternating of developing phases - from childhood to maturity and eventually old age? How can someone promote, cultivate and preserve curiosity, openness and a “participating” capacity, if he/she was already as a small baby - with all the derogatory burden smallness implies - considered just a burden, a mouth to feed, not a bud to unfold but an imperfect being hurriedly awaited to growup? How can he/she live through an interesting time, made of COMPLETE MOMENTS of being in a richly lived experience when he/she is spurred to hurry to join his/her - or worse: his/her parents' - compensatory final goal? How can someone not continually confront himself/herself with the ”more” and the “less"? Someone who instead of developing has only GROWN, who underwent NOT fruitful developing stages, but the painful waiting time when he/she was a small, weak, INCONVENIENT, malformed adult? How to care persons whose development was so needy that they haven't have a "true" childhood; people who were only allowed to spend time on growing up - not on DEVELOPING - during a sickly, lonely, frail, "small" infancy; people who were for many years not only CHILDREN but awkward, short and weak persons... How could these short and weak fake-adults not feel themselves inferior? how could this deprivation not make them aware of being badly "different" and cause an angry longing to soon join what one believes to be "normal"? How could a lack of oneself's trust not be presumed as "spoiled" and so authorizing to try to overcome the considered well-off, hated and envied "spoilers"? How can Freud's patients compare their "Oedipus' mishaps" with the "inferiority's complex" of the discarded ones?
So: why is so much attention given to Adler's theories? Why is so much space spent to explain these WRONG ways of viewing complex issues and to provide for to succeed a unconditional true health? 
Although the final goal represents a subjective, fictional view of the future, it is what guides the person in the present.... To make up for what they did not receive as children, they may feel entitled to special consideration or compensation. They may want others to treat them well but do not feel an obligation to respond in turn. REMARKABLY: BOTH PAMPERED AND NEGLECTED OR ABUSED CHILDREN MAY HAVE SIMILAR EXPECTATIONS AS ADULT.
In this page one can reach a fundamental matter NOT only of Individual psychology - even if Adler called his studies Individual Psychology - but of an enormous SOCIOLOGICAL problem, overflowing and damaging everywhere on the Western "first" World. This page's contents are NOT only academic argumentats on theoretic Sociologic study: with preoccupation they also spur to bring to mind and try to watch protect from and, if possible, mend, a severe wide-spread DANGER; they are a loud WARNING against a very harmful mode of being of extreme sociological relevance owing to its WIDE DIFFUSION: in summmary an urgent cry to PROTECT the new generation, at least to help to allow as many as possible of today's children to develop, to allow them to hoard up the treasure of their true childhood.
The child has a hundred languages
go to also at a Spanish musical version: Los 100 lenguajes del niño



The child
is made of one hundred.
The child has
a hundred languages
a hundred hands
a hundred thoughts
a hundred ways of thinking
of playing, of speaking.
A hundred always a hundred
w
ays of listening
of marveling of loving
a hundred joys
for singing and understanding
a hundred worlds
to discover
a hundred worlds
to invent
a hundred worlds
to dream.The school and the culture
separate the head from the body

They tell the child:

to think without hands
to do without head
to listen and not to speak
to understand without joy
to love and to marvel
only at Easter and at Christmas.
They tell the child:
to discover the world already there
and of the hundred
they steal ninety-nine.
They tell the child:
that work and play
reality and fantasy
science and imagination
sky and earth
reason and dream
are things
that do not belong together.
And thus they tell the child
that the hundred is not there.
The child says:
No way. The hundred is there...
(translated by Lella Gandini)

Oral complex with its gifts of communication, languages, friendship..., anal complex with its gifts of possibilities to know, to master, to try, to learn, to read and write..., Oedipus complex with its gifts of curiosity, interest, joyful awareness... Or instead as explains Adler: Adler the physician and Adler the rickety child who knew first hand the bleakness of suburbia rendered more squalid than ever by the terrible 1918 post-war time:
BOTH PAMPERED AND NEGLECTED OR ABUSED CHILDREN MAY HAVE SIMILAR EXPECTATIONS AS ADULTS
In fact - ... we steal ninety nine - it would be totally misleading to think that only economic POVERTY and lack of CULTURE deprive a large majority of children of a true childhood and of the exalting, truly maturing experience of the Oedipus complex denied by Adler. All small and noisy creatures: all “not-children”, but IMPERFECT ADULTS, all these “little ones” do not be opposed to wiser “adults” (ripeness is all) but to bigger threatening already grown. Every so felt to be only small and noisy creatures do not know and cannot even imagine what is the peace and the strong power springing from oral complex, nor the sharp widening of the mind and sensibility, the self assurance gained during the Oedipus complex, well founded also on the second more personalized support of "anal one".
Alike historically it is moreover NOT true that the ways of children rearing are improving, that civilization times and behaviors are getting better and better...; it is worse faulty to think that only distress due to need and poverty, ignorance and stupidity could destroy the wealth of childhood. It is almost offensive to praise rationality mistaken with knowledge on the aim to root out the blamed "irrational" to simplify - and freeze! - every thing (as explained in the file/chapter Imbroglio è il contrario di sviluppo unfortunately for the time being only in Italian).

An extremely persuasive description to extend the concepts of complexes on the direction to existential openings proper to each phase in human development and of realizations to their sociological consequences are properly presented on a basic book (Italian not translated): Né leggere, né scrivere (Neither reading nor writing) where the very spirit of the anal and oral complex shows very clearly:
a scandal book which forces life-enjoying Italy to mirror itself in the first anthropological inquiry on illiteracy. A scandal and a Cassandra book, Né leggere, né scrivere is a work that looks out into the future.  (from the blurb, Callari Galli Matilde, Harrison Gualtiero, Né leggere, né scrivere, Meltemi1997 ISBN 8886479263).

As shared above as presentation of Né leggere, né scrivere, we must neither think that a greater communal affluence - rather pseudo-affluence is certain to bring about changes for the best, nor that we live in a historical phase of sure progress. We are still surrounded by a large majority of incomplete adults and bad parents (perhaps even in crescendo with a continuous increase in damages). What to think on regard of the Authors mocked on the Etiology & Treatment of Childhood surely wealthy scholars and then neither illiterate nor poor. It is not so true that just a precise evil will and purposes are wherever acting to damage the normal children's development and rearing: not so total but furthermore a powerful "gang" exists trying to overcome the most worldwide people, beginning to damage infants. It is not a total world order but a "gang" bad crowded by more evil scholars and VIPs even plans conscious wicked purposes: at first to make children and young people their primary target. If the scholars mocked on the Etiology & Treatment of Childhood are not illiterate, it is absolutely imperative to point out that even worse ways exist to consider children and their rearing: not illiterate but powerful and very rich scholars and politicians can teach, train, master disciples and whole peoples; can silence the children's hundred languages, for them very unwelcome; can subdue and pull towards their way of thinking a lot of authors, doctors, parents, teachers... Thus it is commonplace to find powerful authors fighting to switch off with drugs the attention deficit and hyperactivity syndrome of suffering, perhaps abused, children; or to find professionals willing to give to everyone - obviously also to parents - an artificial silence of unawareness... Everywhere it is commonplace to be surrounded by convincing professionals able to frighten, to intimidate, to disconcert and tame and to make followers of a lot of ill-believers no matter how cultivate and literate: authors, doctors, teachers, parents... And this is not yet the worse: there are even leaders who strive towards very devilish aims, presented not only as academic reasoning as in A psychocivilized society and in many other books and teachings, but also actually made operative in facts,

 Delgado's statement
(To join living testimonies about the worst of the worst possible, about terrible documented crimes , about real evil happenings go to another site and look carefully at the files ESPERIMENTI SU BAMBINI/E (Experiments on children), The guilt-free soldier, Testimonianze e dubbi [Testimony and doubts], and also in Links e citazioni su segnali di pericolo [Dangers to be warned]

However – even if the subjects in question here appear to have “childish” themes – it is exactly these “childish and familial themes” which describe a precisely drawn establishment of the start of the basics of every concept of a QUADRIDIMENSIONAL ESSENCE OF BEING. In such a four-dimensional scenario ideas become crystallised through the process of TIME thus take also on the form of a “future direction” summarising concepts which indirectly express a fundamental and so POLITICAL conditioning. But political with a forecasting of “future direction” also means POLEMIC : it is not for nothing that this site is increasingly targeted and damaged.
A particularly burning issue in this sense is the Oedipal complex, a NON OBLIGATORY step in the series of psycho – corporeal DEVELOPMENT, not biologically “obligatory” but fundamental as a beginning to a superior socio-evolutionary passage, to a superior form of CIVILITY. The admittance on it, the living of it fully and the getting over of it leads to the recognising in their true essence both ONESELF and the real possibility of LIBERTY that individuality – and therefore the RIGHTS – of every “other” otherwise valid ONE: thus liberating each one from a primitive familism, from a restricted vision of indefinate symbols, from a world based on QUANTATIVE incompleteness and difference: devoid of individuality complete and completable, open to knowing and understanding and creative evolution(s): by now forward far off from a world vision formed of undifferentiated symbols, static, limitating roles. Freud was subjected to several spiteful and disparaging criticisms for his description of Oedipal and more of post-Oedipal developments. But this is unfortunately a real destiny for many individuals and peoples: in reality personal and environmental unfavourable situations turn the “values” of previous founding stages into false and grotesque forms. In fact how many impoverished lives do not reach Oedipal moments and emotions! How many are peoples whose childhood have been full only of sense of desertion, privation, non-recognition, lack of acceptance converted on envy and inferiority! How many individuals and groups can’t even imagine the existence of another universe: warm, full of affections and communication, ready to sturdy and responsible concrete action! And so, from their early infancy, suffered wants accompanied by a more or less conscious grudge can turn into ever increasing harmfulness and deliberate wickedness instead of learning skill and raising sensibilities and participation! How much turns into furious attempts and rancorous efforts towards future compensations! How much affection degenerates into coercive possession! How much envy and misrecognition can protract for generations and generations the idea of childhood as a mere troublesome burden!

Hopes and reference

.....when they compare themselves to OLDER children and ADULTS...
Perhaps not directly accomplices of the above quoted real evil-doers, but how inadequate are the so-calling "studies" and derived "theories" when focusing only on a poor bit of the enormous Ocean of human emotional Universe! Cognitivists and behaviorists as not skilled horse-breakers listen to and work stimulating  guilt, shame and other dependency relates feelings: not considering the real all-embracing emotional fields near to the biggest instinctual ones. Where to place for instance situations and choices spontaneously challenging terrible dangers and related conscious terror, "heroic" no-priced, no-praised behaviors even shared by "animals", when a self-innate hint can tame and block the outburst of a furious anger?
The aim to better fix up the consequential and entire "texture" of human growth hinted many considerations also from reworking an impromptu open letter – without an answer ! – in opposition to another book with a too much analogous title Tempo di mutamenti (Times of mutability): not to prosecute "plagiarism" but, what is worse, to defy a book seemingly similar instead in sharp contrast for the incongruity of the content with basic facts expressed and not only theoretical opinions supported. At a superficial glance the plan of this work contests the tendency to dependency: but this assumption comes from totally confusing this - pathologic - condition with the whole realm of emotional life, spread on the whole wording on praising everywhere the desire to a self-assurance rooted on a frigid, obstinate and immobile "rationality" and "instruction". A typical quote is sufficient for summarizing its whole belief - irrational has to be rooted out  - considering a goal to be obtained "to extract" truly living emotions, mighty trust on vital instincts as were decayed teeth. What to think since on the contrary this dispossession is one of the principal cause of the profound eziopathogenetic roots of all personal mental and general sociological pathologies.
Moreover especially reworking this quarrel, some only Italian files/chapters are more widely summarizing this basics: it would be suitable to read also the pages more precisely integrating and confirming  these essential proposals and founding concepts. But it is also suitable to look at another presentation, though quite different in text and form, coming and going from and towards different points of view and argument to complete what expressed in the present site and books, since they are indirectly part of a much more general appraisal managed by the same Author. Then here it would be opportune not only promote to read the Italian chapters, but also to refer to another site – and book  It's Abuse NOT Science fiction / Gli Abusi mentali, fisici e tecnologici NON sono Fantascienza) - dell'Associazione Italiana, scientifica e giuridica contro gli abusi mentali, fisici e  tecnologici

Moral emotions represent a key element of our human moral apparatus, influencing the link between moral standards and moral behavior. This chapter reviews current theory and research on moral emotions. We first focus on a triad of negatively valenced “self-conscious” emotions — shame, guilt, and embarrassment. As in previous decades, much research remains focused on shame and guilt. We review current thinking on the distinction between shame and guilt, and the relative advantages and disadvantages of these two moral emotions. Several new areas of research are highlighted: research on the domain-specific phenomenon of body shame, styles of coping with shame, psychobiological aspects of shame, the link between childhood abuse and later proneness to shame, and the phenomena of vicarious or “collective” experiences of shame and guilt. In recent years, the concept of moral emotions has been expanded to include several positive emotions — elevation, gratitude, and the sometimes morally relevant experience of pride. Finally, we discuss briefly a morally relevant emotional process — other-oriented empathy.

Annual Review of Psychology Vol. 58: 345-372 (Volume publication date January 2007)
(doi:10.1146/annurev.psych.56.091103.070145)
First published online as a Review in Advance on September 5, 2006
And where and how to considere resilience?

Building Your Resiliency:
Building your resiliency to stress is a way of dealing with stressful situations in such a way that it also helps you take the next step in your own growth as a person. Building your resiliency raises your tolerance so that as you grow, things that stressed you out in the past no longer have the same hold on you that they once did.
So, what exactly is resiliency?
n.1. The ability to recover rapidly from illness, change, or misfortune.
2. The ability of something to regain its shape after being bent, stretched or compressed
Already, you can probably see the connection of this concept with stress management. Life does the bending, stretching and compressing of us in our daily experiences, testing our resiliency. How well we weather the storm depends on how resilient we are.
Statements about resiliency:
  • Resiliency is about who you are while stress management is about what you do.
  • Resiliency occurs on a continuum (it's not an either/or proposition).
  • Resiliency is related to a person's overall growth and development.
  • Our level of resiliency (at that moment) is evident in how we respond to a stressor.
  • Resiliency grows through healthy resonses to stressors.
  • So, how we handle the storm not only reveals our current level of resiliency, it also can build it up.
    International Resilience Symposium. Stockholm, April 2008. A major international Resilience Symposium originally scheduled for October 15-17, 2007 has been postponed until April 14-16 2008. Entitled Resilience, adaptation and transformation in turbulent times - preparing for change in social-ecological systems, the symposium is a collaborative effort by the Resilience Alliance, the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, and the International Council for Science. With local organizers from the Beijer Institute, the Stockholm Environment Institute, and the Center for Transdisciplinary Environmental Research. Associated with the symposium will be a policy forum and multi-media art exhibition.


    resilience: believe in children


    But for us - concerned adults - and for those who are - one hopes "wise" - people: what to do? What to think?
    By good luck, we must not forget the still existing possibilities, like the ones described by: Erik Erikson, Maria Montessori, Emmi Pikler and several others. For instance such possibilities are operative in great organizations such as Montessori group, and in localized, daring ones like the pre-school of Correggio - that we hope still present thanks to the great help given by North America Reggio Emilia Alliance and by Reggio Emilia Approach - or in the famous school of Summerhill - which has now fortunately reopened. Happily we can in fact even trust in some other well proposing Authors and Organizations - as explained in all the pages of this site - look at the Authors there quoted: Erik Erikson, Maria Montessori, Emmi Pikler..., Loris Malaguzzi and his pre-school of Correggio, Summerhill (go also to plug-in) and Etre et avoir (see the pictures and the text below) and many others, among which must be noted a no more active Italian Web site b> Le esperienze [the experiences] with a lot of good links and data endorsed within.

    Clearinghouse on Early Education and ParentingThe Clearinghouse on Early Education and Parenting (Ecap Collaborative) is part of the the
    Early Childhood and Parenting (ECAP) Collaborative at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. The Early Childhood and Parenting (ECAP) Collaborative is home to a number of projects that focus on educating and raising young children. ECAP hosts research, technical assistance, and service projects. provides publications and information to the worldwide early childhood and parenting communities.


    the best school in the worldThe child has a hundred languages
                     (and a hundred, hundred, hundred  more)
                                     but we steal ninety nine

                                that work and play
                                    reality and fantasy
                                   science and imagination
                                      sky and earth
                                  reason and dream
                                   are things

                                                                                                   that do not belong together

                                     Loris Malaguzzi

    NARA North American Reggio Emilia Alliancea town that credits children with potentialities and creativity, recognizing them as legal subjects, endowed of their own culture and autonomy, establishes the founding premises for a higher condition of citizenship in the individual
    Loris Malaguzzi,

    But yet to enter
     imperfectly known times of mutability
             is not so difficult. 
                            It is sufficient to be sympathetic, 
                               to cooperate with respect, 
                        to participate with curiosity and pleasure. 
                In short it is sufficient to take
     children's evolution in earnest 
                  and at the same time
               reawaken one's own evolution. 
    Klàra Pap kids' drawings

    The children's images of this Italian edition are downloaded from the Emmi Pickler's book: illustrator Klàra Pap. (Keep an eye out  for Videos produced by the Pikler-Loczy. Look at the up-dated The Pikler Institute's recent evolution of the Emmi Pikler Institute) (The prevailing bibliography is however in German)




    freedom to move till birthHow praiseworthy it is NOT to interfere in babies' freedom of movement until their birth!
    Emmi Pikler's concepts and programs were better explained in a recent German edition Lasst mir Zeit.



    Lasst mir Zeit / Allow me my own time
    HASTE IS A FORM OF VIOLENCE...

    Can also children teach? Why not?

    www.s-hill.demon.co.uk/hmi/zoecomments.htmwww.s-hill.demon.co.uk/ tour/tour.htm
    The freedom Neill was referring to was the personal freedom of the children in his charge.
    SUMMERHILL is first and foremost a place where children can discover who they are and where their interests lie in the safety of a self-governing, democratic community.

    Summerhill creativityimage from Summerhill site
    Summerhill: intelligent choice

    to get in touch

    "Etre et avoir" Philibert






    In a so short and apparently simply outlined Animation film, the Author can perfectly show a very NORMAL TANTRUM of a very NORMAL little girl in its very NORMAL beginning, course and "happy end". A very agreable movie, also: educational and even enlightening.



    One can buy SIENTJE here:
    ORDERING INFORMATION
    Netherlands Institute for Animationfilm (NIAF)
    St.Josephstraat 135 - 5017 GG Tilburg - Netherlands
    Tel.: +31-13-5324070
    Fax: +31-13-5800057
    4 Minuten Animationsfilm Niederlande 1997 Regie Christa Moesker - Produktion Niederlandisches Institute für Animationfilm, Tilburg)


    Rhinos and motherhood

    Oral complex... its sudden emotions and sudden appeasements... "Oral complex" and its common basis of fundamental feelings and way to spread sympathetic emotions... But not only human beings are "individuals" and not only human people can experience emotions and communicate to each other in understandable languages: spontaneous, moving "facial expressions" can be spread worldwide by... a baby rhinoceros, the new born daughter of Emi, the female rhino of the Cincinnati Zoo.
    Monthly 24-hour behavioral observation reveals that Suci is now nursing every two and a half hours. Although still nursing, Suci’s diet also includes over 10 species of ficus, orchard grass, alfalfa, sweet potatoes, apples and bananas.

    header logo of Cincinnati zoo
    The Cincinnati Zoo will celebrate Suci’s historic birth both Saturday, July 30 and Sunday, July 31 with a special birthday cake only a rhino could love. Each day at 10 a.m. and 1 p.m., Suci and Emi will feast on a two-layered rhino cake that includes two bread bowls stuffed with apples and sweet potatoes, mashed banana frosting, ficus leaves and a carrot birthday candle. Visitors can also sign Suci’s giant birthday card.


    I hope you can appreciate this poetic testimony:
    Emi and daughterWhat was that? the calf is born. it's a girl. it changed as i sent the message. i don't know what happened to the announcement. i hope you enjoy "my" Emi and daughter. it's about 8 more hours until they will let them be on camera. if so, i think the little one was howling for breakfast. she got her wish. her mom got right up from her sleep. Today that the mother rhinoceros was... either sick or dead, and I was concerned as well. our baby and mother were sleeping but baby got suddenly to her feet and began to howl. mother Emi slept on and on... baby nudged and howled and sought everywhere for a place to nurse, but her mother was completely unresponsive. baby started to pull on Emi's ear and even that did not rouse the sleeping mountain of a mother... I wish you could have seen the face of the baby. I could swear that i saw registered there, a look of total dismay...fear, hopelessness, perplexity. Just walking and sitting and exhibiting apparent emotion. In another two or three minutes Emi got to her feet and allowed her little one to nurse. yet another 3 or 4 minutes, and the baby fell asleep on the floor. Next time we looked they were sleeping in their new position... side by side... head to head looking quite alike.

    Projections? I was becoming frightened. Mom was but then rationalized that Emi knew that the baby had just been fed and was only seeking companionship.

    A poem: the Rhino and Kathje

    nobody hears me.
    oh, no! i'll die unless
    she awakens and turns
    and feeds me oh my!

    mountain mama.
    great great mountain
    falling springs fountains
    please wake up.
    i am here. it hurts.
    my face rumples
    and ugliness comes down
    from the dry dry mountain
    and stains my face.

    no sleep. hurts!
    no food for me
    i am invisible. she has
    forgotten me.
    lost. i am lost.
    lay down
    give up
    stand up and howl.
    i howl. no voice.

    For whom sympathizes with the "rhinos' family" - Emi the mother, Andalas and Suci brother and sister - there are ever updating news to be shared:
    Andalas (the original name of the Island of Sumatra) was born at the Cincinnati Zoo in September 2001 to Emi and Ipuh - the only successful captive Sumatran rhino breeding pair in the world. Emi and Ipuh were both sent to the U.S. by the Indonesian government as part of a Sumatran Rhino Trust agreement developed in the mid 1980s between Indonesia and four U.S. zoos (Cincinnati, Bronx, LA and San Diego). Andalas’ birth marked the first time a calf was bred and born in captivity since since 1889 when a live birth was recorded at the Calcutta Zoo in India. Andalas moved to the Los Angeles Zoo in 2004 when his mother, Emi, produced a second calf, Suci. Emi is pregnant again and expecting her third calf this Spring.

    Zoo Celebrates World's First Successful Indian Rhino Artificial Insemination
    The Cincinnati Zoo announces the world’s first successful artificial insemination (AI) procedure in an endangered rhino species. The pregnancy of the Zoo’s 15-year-old Indian rhino “Nikki,” is important not only for the captive population of Indian rhinos, but for the monumental scientific achievement it represents.

    Emi and the Rhino Scientist Book Signing Saturday, October 20, 1-3 pm at the Zoo's Main Gift Shop
    Emi and the Rhino Scientist is a new 64-page book for young people that tells the amazing story of how CREW director Terri Roth helped Emi become the world’s most famous Sumatran rhino mom. The book features more than 80 full-color photographs of Emi and her family as well as CREW and Cincinnati Zoo staff at work. Houghton Mifflin is publishing the book as part of their -winning Scientists in the Field series. Emi and the Rhino Scientist will be in bookstores by mid-October and is already available for pre-order online at Amazon.com and.

    References

    If the files/chapters Children of YESTERDAY = today's adults. Today's adults -> adults of TOMORROW completed by ... from today's adults -> to adults of Tomorrow... should not only be considered the presentation and beginning of the whole site/book, setting up the essential meaning of the whole, they are also followed and consolidated by the files/chapters evidencing the Author's personal knowledge by showing - even in a not English file/chapter - preliminary excerpts of the message and the sources of her teaching references. Moreover to support them has to be utterly keep in view the main purposes: to straight emphasize the "fourth dimension" of human life, moving from childhood and its obliged passages of development to their everlasting presence into memory - either conscious and meaningful or "removed": unconscious and often damaging.
    These concepts however are forcefully dynamic and then these topics must ever precisely and timely be enabled by continual basic adds and conceptual revision. Therefore it is not adequate to read them on a static book: the real relevance of such lively - not theoretic - subjects has to be reached and considered often confronting the Web site, moreover on its ever up-dated files Consciousness and memory, Anamnesis? A way for healing.... But the "fourth dimension" of the time has not to prevail on the other three ones of space and its properties: at any time they are to be compared together and secured on a wholeness. Just the far-reaching SUBLIMATIONS: VISUAL SCHEMES AND SCIENTIFIC EXPLANATION file/chapter is done to complete the above quoted parts, but it intoduce also a more general learning: the interactions between corporeal occurrences and their inter-action - into and from - external world, which can be defined the background of the PSYCHOSOMATIC science.

    Novelties on the site

    ... from today's adults -> to adults of Tomorrow...

    My guides , my roots...

    SUBLIMATIONS: VISUAL SCHEMES AND SCIENTIFIC EXPLANATION

    Anamnesis? A way for healing...

    Consciousness and memory

    Opinion, fact, complaint

    LINKS RELATED TO PSYCHOLOGY, HEALTH AND CHILDHOOD

    Take an amused look at: Riding the father

    and an ironical one at:
    Etiology & Treatment  of Childhood  at present the important:
    A recurring nightmare
    and
    From the prehistoric family to the utopian one
    and the basic only Italian:
    Imbroglio è il contrario di sviluppo (an Italian pun not easy to be translated:
    [= To "embroil / mislead" notes the contrary of to "develop" “Developed”? the contrary of “involved”! [Imbroglio, i.e. involvment is the contrary of development, but 'imbroglio' can also mean FRAUD]

    but you can read in English:
    TOTEM AND TABOO REVISITED: the awful and  fertile rise of new SUPERSTITIONS

    Ten Reasons to Respond to a Crying Child

    Bambino viziato - Spoilt child

    go back to English home

    and to its LINKS


    CHILDREN'S_RIGHTS.htm

    Zapmeta



    Libri in pdf
    Infanzia un mestiere difficilissimo Copertina libro Infanzia
    Consapevolezza e Memoria


    Sorry only in Italian, the above PDF files/chapters should be read and also downloaded following the normal terms of Copyright


    This site and the book do NOT be a fount of notices but an ENCYCLOPEDIC gather of different subjects: one another to be read time by time, or better to be CONSULTED not only for learning, but also to be involved on related debates: so the Web site will always be helped by readers themselves to be maintained under shared speedy and diligently revising construction.
    To read a book - a real book on paper - is easier than reading long files on-line:


    BookSurge systemFrom children of yesterday to adults of tomorrow: the English pages of this site does be now PUBLISHED, PRINTED and SOLD as a NORMAL BOOK in the BookSurge system and available for purchase on www.BookSurge.com, www.Abebooks.com, and also on Kindle.


    Cortina libri Torino
    published and sold also by Cortinalibri as a further edition

    Besides whilst to read a book is easier than reading long files on-line, as already happened for the Italian book from this site Bambini di ieri = adulti di oggi. Adulti di oggi -> adulti di domani, after the book published some data have changed asking for to become a second English book to complete the up-dated pages. For the time being it is to suggest to read on the site mostly TWO files as book chapters lacking of basic data: on the files My guides... my roots... International links. BODY and its wisdom is presented as another authoritative Master to correct its previous omission, while essential concepts must be more accurately highlighted on Opinion, facts, complaint.
    Any way since people has to lament hindrances on looking through this site not only asking to be better orientated, to favour this need the site's map can begin from a simplified page prefacing the English pages, first chapter of the English book From children of YESTERDAY to adults of  TOMORROW.
    After the file/chapter prefacing the English pages the file/chapter ... from today's adults -> to adults of Tomorrow... should be considered another introduction to and beginning of the whole site: or better it sets up the essential meaning of the whole work - site and books -, followed and consolidated by the files/chapters evidencing this Author's personal Introduction together with My guides... my roots..., showing preliminary excerpts of the whole message and the sources of the teaching references.
    But just after book published, further considerations suggested to better and more precisely complete the personal sources of knowledge: so the files My guides... my roots and Opinion, fact, complaint are so much amplified to occasion a latest, minor book to support the major one, a booklet dedicated only to explanatory data rather than to detailed descriptions. To be added the suggestion to read and consider with them the files/chapters SUBLIMATIONS: VISUAL SCHEMES AND SCIENTIFIC EXPLANATION since syntetizing the main concepts of this whole work in not usual but impressive terms, and  consolidate as well the message coming from Anamnesis? A way for healing... and from Consciousness and memory. opening wide the whole indexed files, both the Italian and the English and plurilingual ones.

    Illustrator of book cover, and of the upper Home page image is Laura Pucci Violi

    Kids and catchildren and cat