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SUBLIMATIONS: VISUAL SCHEMES AND SCIENTIFIC EXPLANATION diAnna Abbiate Fubini è distribuito con Licenza Creative Commons Attribuzione - Non commerciale - Condividi allo stesso modo 4.0 Internazionale.
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May 16 2017



TIME as FOURTH DIMENSION

The concept of BEING rightfully belongs to PHILOSOPHY, like the other fundamental and wider principle: the essence of TIME, of changes, of evolutions, in short of the FOURTH DIMENSION of everything, and even more of the living beings.
Hence every fact and subjectively every moment of life move into MEMORY and its -  conscious – materialising into continuous and renewed EXPERIENCE.
Childhood does not exist. What does exist is development, and the development is redeeming change.
Albert Einstein and the fourth dimension.
An anecdote which perhaps has never actually happened, but which is anyway very instructive. An old geometric riddle, presented as an anecdote in Maria Toffetti’s book, easily explains the concept of fourth dimension, too often not accepted or confined to irrational vagueness, a concept which would instead seem obvious both on a general level and, even more so, on the level of the living beings’ existence.
Albert Einstein, too, dealt with tetrahedrons: at a congress, having been criticised for his unexpected concept of a space-time in four dimensions, he asked his colleagues to build four equilateral triangles with six tooth pickers. Nobody in the room managed to place on a plane the tooth pickers to form the required triangles, which is, as a matter of fact, impossible. So Einstein built a tetrahedron with the six sticks and commented: “If you can’t use the third dimension, with which you make experiments every day, how can you hope to understand the fourth?”


1) The "TO BE" pertains to Ontological PHILOSOPHY on which TO RIPE outlines the importance of TIME as FOURTH DIMENSION of living BEINGS.
2) This site and the book do NOT be then only a sociological text, neither - worse - a simple practical work endorsing private description and/or suggestion relevant to home management.
3) The main meaning of these whole studies explains and - moreover - avails the concept of CHILDHOOD as first BASIC step regarding the real TO BE of the deepest human nature.
4) This book presents and completes the earlier Italian ones: CHILDHOOD: mutability's times and Domestic chores. Ergonomy and psychology of a REAL work: the first considers and validates the children's point of view, the second depicts the home-life as a "real" form of work and explains that to rear babies is a tourning point on the running flow of generations, so preparing as well the future "being" of adulthood together with developing the composite world of works.
5) However such composite circularly connected structures can be consolidated jointly by another vital, ring shaped necessary functions: CONSCIOUSNESS AND MEMORY. In fact if the TO BE definitely pertains to PHILOSOPHY, its TO EVOLVE, to learn and TO REMEMBER outline as well a complementary key concept: the importance of TIME, as FOURTH DIMENSION.
6) To validate mutable times, changes, and possible evolution as core of life itself, MEMORY not only can hold present and past related together, but also can shelter their conscious embodiment to ripen for becoming EXPERIENCE.
7) Home-life, families, works and also people himself comprehend many protagonists, many situations and many past, present and future aspects: not only childhood and motherhood, not only development and rearing, but also not only bodies and manual toils as much emotions, and enlarging - sublimated - endeavors.
8) As are MEMORY and FAMILY-LIFE themselves, the whole of this circuitous matter does not be defined in a regular series of consequent chapters: only if considered on circular orbits it can gather so different and variant subjects.

The Italian version is improved with and satirically underlined by a mocking cartoon to explain two facets of psicho- and somatics: real work, to be extremely busy mixed up with "bowels urge"

stitichezza

Up-dates

This site and the - next - book do NOT be a fount of notices but an ENCYCLOPEDIC gather of different subjects: one another to be read time by time, or better to be CONSULTED even for learning. And so this Web site will always be maintained under speedy and diligently revised construction: every suggestion and/or correction will be welcome and followed. For example when people had to lament hindrances on looking through this site, asking to be better orientated, to favour this need the site's map changed: as first sight one should begin from a simplified page opening wide the whole indexed files, both the Italian and the English and plurilingual ones, eventually before to look at the file prefacing the English pages, first chapter of the English book Any way the site is continually up-graded: to be carefully informed it is suitable to go to the dedicated file Novelties on the site.



To read a book - a real book on paper, sewn and bound - is easier than reading long files on-line: in a little while the English pages of this site - as has already been done for the Italian ones - will be PUBLISHED, PRINTED and SOLD  in book-stores - as a NORMAL BOOK as is already the Italian book from this site 
Bambini di ieri = adulti di oggi. Adulti di oggi -> adulti di domani
Then, to make this possible for English readers, all English pages are printed on a second book:

Create Space

From children of YESTERDAY to adults of TOMORROW is print-ready in the BookSurge system and will be available for purchase on Abebooks, and also on Kindle. The book's listing will appear more easy for European readers this volume even better printed and sewed can be ordered also at Cortinalibri


Cortina Torino Via Ormea 69 10125 Torino (ITALY
Tel: 0039 0116507074 / 00390116505228
Fax: 00390116502900 carlo@cortinalibri.it giuliana@cortinalibri.it info@cortinalibri.it



Definition

If, setting up the essential meaning of the whole, the file/chapter Children of YESTERDAY = today's adults. Today's adults -> adults of TOMORROW completed by ... from today's adults -> to adults of Tomorrow... should be considered not only introduction to and beginning of the whole site/book, they are also followed and consolidated by the files/chapters evidencing the Author's personal knowledge. By showing - even in a not English file/chapter - preliminary excerpts of the message and the sources of her teaching references to support the lasts has to be utterly kept in view her leading purposes: to straight emphasize the "fourth dimension" of human life, moving from childhood and its obliged passages of development to their everlasting presence into memory - either conscious and meaningful or "removed": unconscious and often damaging. A dedicated file/chapter sets to display personal important standpoints consolidated by information evidencing the Author's preferences rising from not mainstream sources of knowledge.
These authors are characterized by their predeliction for the simple, the PRACTICAL, choosing as "Masters" not writings rather concrete facts, a solid ground to arrive at this initial, simple ORIGIN which can open and develop towards explanations of present but even prospects to future. On other words the criteria to choose educational instruction on what to include and what to omit does not indicate absolute value, but preferences towards those authors who have in significant ways recorded my own personal experiences. In sum up I chose not "chiefs" but "allies to work with" as on an "us"; I chose "experts" who share and explain "our" authentic basic knowledge: the preference towards LEARNING against TEACHING, to ACCOMPANY rather than GUIDE; who appreciate plural even discordant "a posteriori" EXPERIENCES rather than firm, subjective "a priori" IDEAS. A second but even more particular criteria is the practice of continuous "bottom-up" learning rather than that from a height: the project of accepting whatever evidence that can be validated even if in contrast to accredited schools of thought or individual leaders of movements, even if apparently "absurd".
So basic concepts however are forcefully dynamic and then these topics must ever precisely and timely be enabled by continual basic adds and conceptual revision. Therefore it is not adequate to read them on a static book: the real relevance of such lively - not theoretic - subjects has to be reached and considered often confronting the Web site, moreover on its ever up-dated files Consciousness and memory, Anamnesis? A way for healing.... But the "fourth dimension" of "time" has not to prevail on the other three ones of space and its properties: they are to be compared together and secured on a wholeness. Just this file/chapter has to complete the above quoted parts, but it determines also a more general learning: the interactions between corporeal occurrences and their inter-action - into and from - external world, which can be defined the background of PSYCHOSOMATIC science.
Obviously here one touches subjects which can distress some ones and so become open to question: then this file/chapter matches also other most controversial files, to begin from an open to question file, absent in the Italian book: TOTEM AND TABOO REVISITED: awful and fertile rise of new SUPERSTITIONS (but present - as chapter 26 - in another site/book It's Abuse NOT Science fiction) indirectly mirroring and completing an otherwise only Italian, also controversial, essential file/chapter Imbroglio è il contrario di sviluppo which title reflects an Italian pun authoritatively stated on the main Dictionary of Synonyms and Contraries: its approximate translation has been used as subhead on the very title of the fundamental file/chapter Anamnesis: a way for healing...
To coil reflects to involve: is it the contrary of to develop? At a good side: only wrapped buds can thrive; but also to uncoil embroiled matters can assist development once restored past, since - at a bad side - a synonym of involved is embroil/mislead meaning also FRAUD]
Even more bitter controversial is the file/chapter presented in both languages: Opinioni, fatti, accuse / Opinion, fact, complaint to specify real design and aims for refuting any risk of misunderstanding.
In the Italian file/chapter matching this one, a not translated cartoon page looks as a visual indirect paradigm regarding psychic and somatic - and sociological - analogies, sharing in a mocking way how much a real work could be "equated" with an inner bodily occurrence. The possibility to "sublimate" a body deed in the direction of an external performance - which is the very concept of psycho-somatic - here becomes a fun description of a continuous misunderstanding by protagonists: chatting the one of real work, the other of "bowels urge". Any way either in Italian files/chapters of site and book or in their English mirror pages it should be pointed out to consider straight together - as reciprocal explanation - this "sublimation" topic with those regarding "medicine" - Anamnesis? A way for healing... - and "work" from its basics - DOMESTIC  CHORES. Ergonomy and psychology of a REAL work
The Italian file/chapter only parallel with this one - Dal SUBLIMATO al CONCRETO / From SUBLIMATED towards CONCRETE - is satirically underlined by a not translated mocking cartoon: to explain PSYCHOSOMATIC mirroring real work mixed up with "bowels urge". In fact the normal trend of the anal complex is "to exert" with every outside, with every matter regarding every "to do" and more specifically every to put outside: "facts", actions, duties ...  notwithstanding beginning from really "inner" simply bodily ones, forwarding sublimating towards "faraway" even figurative and symbolic deeds. Lupo Alberto tells about his - external - "duties", his "job", his to be so busy ... instead the mole is telling
WITH THE SAME WORDS about his bowels' CONSTIPATION.

Lupo Alberto e Enrico la talpaThe two characters of this cartoon are chatting with very similar words: mourning, deploring the time too much full of grieving, the days without the possibility to have a relief for themselves, for - tells the mole - to keep every filth and have to retain every thing into...,,  for a terrible lack of stimuli..., for an annihilating waiting without making..., to whom Lupo - wolf - Alberto answers: Yes I understand you...
But he is referring to "sublimated matters" as his own
business, affairs, job...: and so he doesn't understand really the mole's discouragement, till when Enrico the mole asks with sympathy
Are you too constipated?

Visual schemesvisual scheme of sublimations

"Cyclonic" movement schematizing ublimations







The basic concept of Psychosomatic visualized as movement of Cyclones and Anticyclones:
Ascending from a simple compact beginning the sum of vital occurrences can manifest themselves in a wide range of orbits and complexity, but from every step alternatively can come back to restrict concrete. It is to say that - as systole and diastole of the pumping heart - recurrently if all can go on towards expansions, at any time from them vice-versa it can come again back to material body.


Sublimation (chemistry and psychology)

Sublimation of an element or compound is the change from a solid directly to a gas with no intermediate liquid stage. Sublimation is a phase transition that occurs at temperatures and pressures below the triple point (see phase diagram). At normal pressures, most chemical compounds and elements possess three different states at different temperatures. In these cases the transition from the solid to the gaseous state requires an intermediate liquid state. However, for some elements or substances at some pressures the material may transition directly from solid to the gaseous state. Note that the pressure referred to here is the vapor pressure of the substance, not the total pressure of the entire system.
The opposite of sublimation is deposition. The formation of frost is an example of meteorological deposition.
Some materials (such as zinc and cadmium) will sublimate at low pressures and thus may be a problem encountered in high-vacuum applications. Carbon dioxide is a common example of a chemical compound that sublimates at atmospheric pressure”a block of solid CO2 (dry ice) at room temperature and at one atmosphere of pressure will turn into gas without first becoming a liquid. Iodine is another example of a substance that visibly sublimates at room temperature. In contrast to CO2, though, it is possible to obtain liquid iodine at atmospheric pressure by heating it. Snow and other water ices also sublimate, although more slowly, at below-freezing temperatures. This phenomenon, used in freeze drying, allows wet cloth to be hung outdoors in freezing weather and retrieved later in a dry state. Naphthalene, a common ingredient in mothballs, also sublimes slowly. Arsenic can also sublimate at high temperatures. Sublimation requires additional energy and is an endothermic change. The enthalpy of sublimation can be calculated as the enthalpy of fusion plus the enthalpy of vaporization.
Other substances, such as ammonium chloride, appear to sublime because of chemical reactions. When heated, it decomposes into hydrogen chloride and ammonia, which quickly react to reform ammonium chloride.
Sublimation is a technique used by chemists to purify compounds. Typically a solid is placed in a vessel which is then heated under vacuum. Under this reduced pressure the solid volatilizes and condenses as a purified compound on a cooled surface, leaving the non-volatile residue impurities behind.
Sublimation is also one of Alchemical processes and Alchemy refers to an early protoscientific practice. Carl Jung saw alchemy as a Western proto-psychology dedicated to the achievement of individuation; in his interpretation, alchemy was the vessel by which Gnosticism survived its various purges into the Renaissance. In this sense, Jung viewed alchemy as comparable to a Yoga of the West. Jung also interpreted Chinese alchemical texts in terms of his analytical psychology as means to individuation. The act of Alchemy seemed to improve the mind and spirit of the Alchemist. ... In the course of the early modern period, mainstream alchemy evolved into modern chemistry. Nevertheless, alchemy was one of the main precursors of modern sciences, and many substances and processes of ancient alchemy continue to be the mainstay of modern chemical and metallurgical industries.


PSYCHOSOMATICS

In the Italian file/chapter matching this one, the not translated cartoon page looks as a visual indirect paradigm regarding psychic and somatic - and sociological - analogies, sharing in a mocking way how much a real work could be "equated" with an inner bodily occurrence. The possibility to "sublimate" a body deed in the direction of an external performance - which is the very concept of psycho-somatic - here becomes a fun description of a continuous misunderstanding by protagonists: chatting the one of real work, the other of "bowels urge". Any way either in Italian files/chapters of site and book or in their English mirror pages it should be pointed out to consider straight together - as reciprocal explanation - this "sublimation" topic with those regarding "medicine" - Anamnesis? A way for healing... - and "work" from its basics - DOMESTIC  CHORES. Ergonomy and psychology of a REAL work and also What is Emotinal labour?
To enter on the essence of this matter, first of all it is necessary to better and again clarify a concept used also in a figurative and metaphoric way - unfortunately so often adulterated - which is sublimation. In chemistry and physics, and long before in alchemy  -  one speaks of sublimation to indicate a reversible phenomenon of passage: the sublimate substances which pass simply from the solid state to the gaseous one and vice-versa are subject to an easily definable balance varying with the parameters of pressure, temperature, volume (read above as it happens to the iodine, to the carbonic snow or - in more domestic surroundings - to the camphor and to the mothballs etc. The psychodynamic concept is not substantially different: variations of biochemical rhythm of the body (e.g. hypoglycemia) translate themselves - going from the concrete to the more "abstract" - into NEEDS, into activating INSTINCTS, but also into states of mind, into ways of thinking. The biochemical hypoglycemia as its first direct step becomes "hunger", then "search" or "longing" for food and then gradually for some always more abstract demands: sadness, submission, or even mystic ideas of fasting.
But the sublimate abstractions can turn "back": if hypoglycemia/hunger can sublime into sadness, into sense of abandonment, into submission; in a reversible and symmetric way sadness, abandonment, submission can give birth to pseudo-needs, trigger off dependences, deceiving themselves into concrete compensations like an increased desire to eat or to drink including alcohol and other drugs. And at this point the theme should connect other great sectors of the "body life", its "foreign affairs" sector, that is all the organs, apparatus, tissue and functions of the life of relation: nervous system, specific senses, muscles, bones. As regards the visceral system all this belongs to the first step on the way of the sublimations: permitting to recognise the "need", it incites the "doing" of something to placate it - even Beyond the pleasure principle - but it in turn produces chemical variations which have a powerful influence on the "remainder": on the one side "turning back" towards the pure vegetative, on the other seeking expansion towards the external.

As in chemistry and physics so in psychodynamics there do not exist attributions of "value": the gaseous "sublimate" is not "worth" more than the substance in the solid state or vice-versa; each "material state" has its own characteristics, properties, advantages and disadvantages, and is chilled or warmed from one passage to the other.
  1. In the body the biochemical variations of one sector unbalance the rest:
  2. this unbalance shows itself as a lack
  3. the brain translates it into need,
  4. there is thus provoked at perceptive level a physiological sense of unsattlement
  5. which in its turn provokes reactions to defend itself
  6. it can also provoke actions not productive in themselves but more apt to "discharge troubles"
-    The reactions can organise themselves into instincts
-    these manifest themselves in behavioural schemata
-    to the immediate reactions the brain can superimpose reactions more capable of adaptation
-    it can furthermore prepare perceptive and precautional adaptations
-    it can organise deliberate actions in which hopefully to involve also the environment of other individuals as well as things
-  it can finally turn towards continuously deliberate and efficient working actions

- but it can exhaust on sheer expansion towards the limit of available energy
- it can dissipate and narrow capabilities on discharges of poisoning "tensions"
- but also can bring about free PLAY: actions/reactions as movements carefully measured and synthetically creative.

This is the chain without either solutions of continuity or leaps in quality, which goes FROM the life of the vegetative body AS FAR to games, sport and even to science and art. And this chain, like the chemical bodies, can either expand towards still wider spaces which will thus receive the imprint of the subject (e.g. art), or can reduce itself to plunge into the milieu intérieur in which the tissue elements live. As written above its expansion can either become so sheer to step over limits of available energy or it can compress itself further and further until borderline cases - much more widespread than they seem - in which lacks are so diffuse as to be no longer perceived as needs: alike happensa when over-hungry persons are no longer aware "to be hungry".  Both cases carry a risk: to go too much away from personal feelings endangers to lose oneself not in creativity but in a frozen, abstractly ghost-like world, or threaten to concentrate so much tension and energy in certain organs of the body as to cause their damage. The case of the starving individual who no longer is experiencing hunger and therefore does not "search" for food is obvious, but there are so many other lacks which are not perceived as needs, leading to even fatal illness: typical is the failure to recognise not only the lack of rest, but the even biological need is to use to the best - or at least to exercise in some way - the great systems pertaining to one essential side of life of relation: the side capableto provide to vital "recreational" distractions by different rhythms, by more liberal activities!
Remaining with the analogy with chemistry and physics and the coefficients which regulate the balance between the concrete and the sublimate it is necessary:
  1. either to define in what consist the coefficient psychodynamics, analogous to temperature, volume and pressure,
  2. or also to "purify" the substances to study, in so much as the various components of a mixture expand and condense according to different coefficients and - whether condensed or expanded - possess different properties and interact with one another according to balances which have to be harmonised.

Plants, animals, the ocean, healthcare, research, environmental management and education are just a few of the potential career opportunities available to those with a biology degree. The choices are broad, the job opportunities are vast and the potential income is excellent in the field of biology. Many paths however require a degree as well as hands on training. This calls for a greater need for knowledge if this is the right field for you.

BODY and its NEEDS

The body is not really the "I", but the "I" - the "I" as first person singular, the I of "I am", "I feel", "I need", or "I desire" or "I wish", the "I" of "I do", "I decide", "I think", "I imagine" etc. - this "I" cannot exist without the body, and without the body and the means provided by it the "I" cannot carry out its principal function which is to regulate the connections between the vital homeostasis and its orientation in the external environment. Using a banal analogy one could say that the "I" is like the Foreign Ministry of the body, compared to a Nation, or like the Administrative and Commercial Office of the body compared to an Industry. But while it may link up - or decline to link up - within the concrete limits that the body as a physical, concrete and bounded entity imposes, it is the INTERNAL INSTABILITY of the body itself that induces to open to the outside and to seek, outlets, expansions, enrichments. The essence of life is in fact INSTABILITY; the internal equilibrium consists of continuous changes, of dynamic adaptations, in a continuous and variable "game" of internal rhythms of expansion and retraction, of lacks and fulfillments, of consumptions and eliminations, of renewals and losses: the most macroscopic, recognisable and emblematic of which are hunger and expulsion, satiety and depuration. In other terms: if the body was a static block, in a stable equilibrium, like a mineral, it could exist and maintain itself without any relationship but for nearness with the outside, or at the very most it could like a mineral grow for juxtaposition: it would need nothing. But instead as a living entity it is a dynamic, unstable complex of complicated and varyingly modulated systems in continuous construction and destruction, restructuring, acquisition and recycling: from which derive continuous needs which oblige to have continuous exchanges with the environment. Lacks and fulfillments, surpluses and refuse; destruction, reconstitution, restructuring, recycling, expulsions, expansions, fusions, detachments, adjustments, assimilations, renewals, creations, recreations etc: here in outline are the principal modalities through which each body enters into contact with the environment that surrounds it. The "myself" is not the body and in fact these changes and links can eventually happen by themselves without a "body knowledge" of their existence and without to be felt by the "subject" agent.
But the operating presence of the "I" allows the addition of another peculiar series of transformations to the whole biological complex in continuous transformation: the lacks and mutations become "sensations"; and since besides the sensations have their biochemical structuring they are much more and not only "ideas" to be named in a scornful way. And so the sensations through a new series of chemical movements! can become stimulants to action either immediately or by passing through routes even more indirect and modulated:
  1. lacks become needs,
  2. the needs become a search for fulfillment and/or cries for outside help;
  3. or widen towards something more evolved: the "desires" for which the possibilities of fulfillment are more varied, discretional, subject to delay;
  4. but also even many internal mutations can become "stimulant" and therefore "needs" = does one not say perhaps "need"/"little need" through antonomasia to indicate the sensation that comes from the intestine or from a full bladder, as well as the excretion that derives from them?
But animal bodies - namely of vertebrates -  also have a inner structure that models the external form and which seems destined almost exclusively to "voluntary" connections with the external.
For many persons it is difficult to think of the "body" other than with this structure: to the concept of the body is superimposed this "form" as if it were more recognisable like anatomy studied in the Fine Arts Academy. Such a visual form as if it were more controllable and reassuring is less disconcerting than the INTERNAL: only visualizable in a medical-technical center. The inner, hidden, "wild", "dark" visceral ungovernable system is so felt too often at least as always in unknown dangers, if not as a rule ignored, if not considered enemy, "spiteful" and shunned with expressible emotions in the terms: it frightens, it upsets.
But its principal components are also distinct organs, and so each one of them also have a life of unstable equilibria and of complicated internal changes and exchanges: even the skeleton which for commonplace people would seem the most fixed structure is instead "alive", very alive, is a very important organ in the metabolism of the organism; itself is in continuous vital metabolism and therefore equipped with essential requirements: which translate into "needs".
Everybody knows that unused muscles atrophy, diminish, but on the other hand they develop and grow with use. Not everyone knows - or rather not everyone notices - that bones also become smaller with lack of use but strengthen with use: and this is the explanation of "thin wrists" and "tapered hands" and the skinniness of the young girls of nineteenth century tales, yet on the contrary it is the explanation of the wide shoulders of gymnasts, swimmers and those who do heavy work, and of the huge fists of manual workers. And then to demonstrate further that the bone is alive and participates closely in the life of its owner one can cite the legs of jockeys and other clear skeletal peculiarities indicative of practical working activity. Both bone and muscle should proceed harmoniously and work together: an activity like sporting-athletic or - worse - body-building which is too intense with heavy unbalanced training, can lead even to bone fractures by sudden movement because the too hurriedly exercised muscle became more robust than its related bone. One can observe and then get to know the vicissitudes of the locomotor apparatus, but it is rare even in the medical field to advance beyond the reasoning that if an organ, a tissue has such a rich life, it follows that all its variations will have repercussions on the life of all the organism; and that since this "life" will send "signals" to the rest of the body: it try to explain its own needs and its search for fulfillment, and this will influence the remainder.
But in the body exist other "organs" equipped with intrinsic life and sources of modifications and of needs which will have repercussions on everything: there are the specialised "senses"  delegated to  the "foreign affairs", specifically sight and hearing; and those more linked with the "internal affairs" as touch, thermal touch, smell, taste. And there also exists the enormous brain, receiver and programmer of whatever other organ and internal function and coordinator of every form of exchange with the outside.
Bones, muscles, sight, hearing, thinking and communicating brain do not function on brief and forced rhythms like the metabolism, the activity of assumption and excretion: strictly speaking one can survive in a coma but to live properly one needs to maintain these senses functioning. Their "cries" do not translate themselves into so imperious needs as for example suffocation or at least thirst, but however into discomforts: into an almost "sublimated suffucation", into a weariness which at best could be named boredom. But one can't imagine the consequences of a lack of connection between these and the others: just as bones and muscles need to work and to maintain themselves at a well harmonised level of parallel development, so the brief and forced and manifold and self-linked rhythms of the internal visceral life influence and unite in openings and/or coalitions on the life of external relation. From the most intimate of the internal organs to the most abstract creations of the mind, all must proceed in continuous movements, like the systole and diastole of a great metaphorical heart in which there is represented all the organism in its worldly active presence. (On line the Italian file representation can be seen in animation).
Brain, hearing, vision, muscles, bones, not having their own fixed biorhythms must be fed externally in order "to function", but must indeed be fed because their inertia damages the whole body. A first phase of the perception of this special "hunger in sublimation" is boredom: at certain moments it can be named accentuated by the more or less joking adjective "deadly boredom", but really sensory deprivation can be used as a real torture, i.e. it produces a real state of illness.
Any way the body with its internal sensorials can remain active also when these signals can become the sole stimulus and aim, but even without reaching the situation of consciously induced torture - this unexpressed need acts against the "remainder" of the body, of every "internal affairs", of the visceral body, of the body as a living totality: in their character however of  "organs" biologically "internal"the organs of the life of relation and also the "life of affection" as an integral part of the living body in turn act against the whole organism for the present and for endangering the whole future development either on advance of young ages or on better preserve the resources of successive ages.
In the same way in the continuous game of vital existence, sublimations and concretes, anatomical-physiological structures responsible for the life of relation and internal organs influence each other: this is why it is so important to consider the "life" of the bone and not only its function of dynamic scaffolding, to consider the life of "feelings" and "affects" and not only as they were decorative frill if not encumber the seriousness of "to work".
So the "body" is not that articulate dummy that many would like to believe for convenience; that dummy to which a hypothetical external "will" imposes orders, habits, can determine "behaviour";  that dummy on which one can even condition "style" so as to cut a fine figure before an hypothetical "I", its owner. It is instead a unique whole and interacts with the outside environment which in turn is not made only of interpersonal relations according to modalities which stem from the internal biological instability and move into even wider spaces.

Defense Mechanisms
Psychoanalytic theory holds that the energy invested in sexual impulses can be shifted to the pursuit of more acceptable and even socially valuable achievements, such as artistic or scientific endeavours. The major defense mechanisms are repression, the process by which unacceptable desires or impulses are excluded from consciousness; reaction formation, a mental or emotional response that represents the opposite of what one really feels; projection, the attribution of one's own ideas, feelings, or attitudes (especially blame, guilt, or sense of responsibility) to others; regression, reversion to an earlier mental or behavioral level; denial, the refusal to accept the existence of a painful fact; rationalization, the substitution of rational and creditable motives for the true (but threatening) ones.

The "Coefficients" of "Psychological" SUBLIMATIONS

Excerpted from Encyclopedia Britannica on-line: Sublimation as Defense mechanism.
Sublimation is the diversion or deflection of instinctual drives, usually sexual ones, into noninstinctual channels.The compromise generally involves concealing from oneself internal drives or feelings that threaten to lower self-esteem or provoke anxiety instead SUBLIMATION, is the diversion of an instinctual desire or impulse from its primitive form to a more socially or culturally acceptable form.

A different message written on View of Sublimation in the Educational Process, even Nietzsche availed Freudian theory
.
Nietzsche's beliefs on the primary aim of education, the conscious production of the free man through the process of sublimation, the active redirecting of one's life energy in the service of creativity The fundamental premise that permitted Freud to examine cultural phenomena was then called sublimation in the Three Essays.


The chemic-physic sublimations are subject to coefficients of temperature, pressure, volume; and parallel could be the case of  psychic sublimations: all but these terms can be used to synthetically define concepts - analogous in their fundamental nature:

  1. TEMPERATURE stands for affectionate warmth and for physical well-being;
  2. PRESSURE stands on the whole for environmental pressure, but also conflicting needs on ones' own body, interior tensions, conflicts between tension and tension.
  3. VOLUME define the space in which to can literally move, and also the metaphorical space of time and facts at one's disposal, objects to use, possibility to canalize and cultivate abilities, to choose adequate instruments with and places where to practice.
Real motherhood, personal and environmental (well) being are - as on the precedent example - sturdy roots and good ground, but not only regular amount of carefulness
from outside rather mostly from themselves inside to enjoy the chance to express and have acceptedtender attachment are the essential psychological Spemann-Mangold organizer, to feed at the same time the real quality and differentiation of feelings, the capability to bear and move them with the skill to recognize also their differences, to can give them their names and so even to "tame" the malignant consequences of the worse ones. These main ways of communication when can do recognize inner sensations becomes a new evolutive organizer towards a continual broadening vital knowledge: being better in correspondence with an ever more assorted milieu helps in turn to open a virtuous circle of assimilation and accommodation.
On the contrary no matter logically that the lack of intensity and fondness introduces towards the opposite

how harmful can be feelings remaining inside to rot, deep rooted without a voice!
To coil/embroil reflects to involve: is it the contrary of to develop?
At a good side: only wrapped buds can thrive; and also to uncoil previously embroiled matters can assist development once restored past. On the contrary - at a bad side -  synonyms of to involve are to embroil/mislead meaning also TO DECEIVE.
Madness and anti sociality as ever caused by "oblivion" of a "great sorrow", of unbearable situations? Perhaps more frequently disasters such schizophrenia or juvenile delinquency are long lasting consequences to have been raised in a frozen vacuum or on a futile hollowness: what do become extra civilized children set as ornamental severed flowers without ground nor roots for not ripe grown-ups' amusement? "Young Archimedes" died suicide at eighth, many youngsters die or assassinate in car accidents. Any way too often "frozen feelings" or "severed flowers" are ready to revenge not to thrive: in fact all this reflects how coil/embroil can involve: but not only as contrary of to develop: synonyms of to involve are to embroil/mislead meaning also TO DECEIVE


The idea of "pressure" in sum up abridges a lot of derived contents: from moment to moment to be synthonized or conflicting on more or less interfered life phases as well on episodic circumstances and occasional state of mind...; requests to and demands from; properties of situation and portion of spaces where deeds can happen; circadian rhythms of body needs and working hours; past facts and present and less or more compelling further duties; methods of relationship and real reciprocal inter-relationships; agreed or invading presence and even suffered absence of interlocutors...
In fact if who is at the "oral" age - or rather at a good "oral" phase - spreads "warmth" around himself or herself, instead who is at the "anal" age or phase exercises a significant "pressure" on anyone who is too close and on the "things" that he or she uses.
 Requirements as "entry" or "going out" regarding "the others" can become all around more or less heavy; time and deeds proportionate or too concentrated together are fundamental on well or ill being. When pressure without parallel compensation increases, the aggressive/expulsive energies are incentivated: in the best case the very internal pressure stimulates the finding of obstacles against which to act and incentives to follow in undertaking certain actions - like unrefined foods help avoid constipation - but it can goe in the direction of destructivity. Any way, as on chemic-physic and also on TECHNOLOGY a big concentration of "energy" onto a too narrow space exerts a so huge pressure to scatter EXPLODING, also on human society and on every single living being a - continual or even occasional - increasing of pressure tilts to explode: to temporarily "slant" on outbursts of chaotic rage or steadfast violence but also till a decisive MADNESS. On day-times from moment moment pressure and variation of needs could be "pressing" requisites, but every change of these coefficients challenges more involving in evolutionary phases: returning to the concept of "complexes", for each of the principal ones the importance of them will be different: to permit adequate sublimations the temperature will have to be considerably greater in the case of oral complex the complex of needs and of fulfillments, of ripen and absorbing; especially in the case of the age belonging to this complex: the age of the first year of life. When instead prevails the anal complex the complex of distrust, of expulsions: the condition ever moving from destructions to re-construction, from waste to recyclings... any increase in pressure produces anguish, as does the impossibility to throw off because of the increase of aggressiveness and because of over-stimulated interior conflicts: this happens at every age but on this regard other most "anal" phases of lifetimes must be particularly cared: the period of "no" at the age of two, the period of the elementary school, the period of the adult working life.


The genital complex in its two aspects "yin" and "yang" - Oedipus and castration - requires however greater space: to expand, to adapt, to assimilate, to renew itself, to invent, to discover, to "create", to expand: in the more "genital" ages fantasy and sentiment take command but on condition that they are fed and not discouraged and not only restricted to perform on a close familiar surroundings. It is not for nothing that at four years of age children would stay "out" all day, from fifteen to twenty/twenty five people should be in the better disposition to travel willingly and to consider "boring" not stimulating. But why at teens the "escapes" can be frequent? What means a recent "preudo-medical" - conceited - article resuming - conceited - experiments? True chemical proofs actually evidenced that teen agers bullying have lower cortisol range than in hypothetical "normal" ones - Low basal salivary cortisol is associated with teacher-reported symptoms of conduct disorder. Psychiatry Research, Volume 134, Issue 1, Pages 1 - 10 J. Oosterlaan, H. Geurts, D . Knol, J. Sergeant and this experiment shows a chemical reality? But this chemical reality does not demonstrate that the bodies, the adrenal glands of "tested bullies" is the mark or "bullying proneness": it demonstrates instead how much they are flabby, flat poorly interested, confined, it is to say: from longtime VERY BORED youngsters.
At another side increase of space together with lack of warmth spreads sublimations towards infinite and so more and more frozen distances as well as impossibility to feel limits: in fact "sensory deprivation" is a specialized TORTURE. Try to teach a theory that sensory deprivation can lead to mystical experiences?
But such an occurrence does not happen in this sequence but rather in the reverse: not deprivation itself steers to gain "mystics" but mystical experiences turns back NEEDING to be lived in restrict, silent aloneness. So far if very often the so-believed mysticism
is nothing but a
byproduct of a brain that malfunctions under unusual circumstances (exposure to drugs, sensory deprivation, brain damage), what can do moreover a baby in a VOID of affects and stimuli? Curiosity, imagination, culture: where can go without a ground and without a rooted trunk? Fantasy as continual dwelling onto one's own mind can improve intellectual faculties? But at what price? Often - but surely not in a strictly obliged way! - geniuses are very cool persons, very lacking "souls" if not true insane. But how more often fantasy and mystic faith are instead phantoms or delusions! Surely not everyone or better a strict minority will develop as a potential "genius" whilst this to compact into one selves can induce increasing "stupidity", this plunging into one's own brain coils instead of develop; but for surroundings all this increases in turn vexatious dependency and egocentric resentful chilling envy. Sometimes to undergo deprivation of feelings body itself can become an escape: turned on corporeal entity the trial to refill the emptiness surcharges slight rambling feelings transformed in hypochondriac disease - not only a personal psychosomatic since a collective sociological problem - or also this surcharge of inner organs giving a bodily fake voice for harmful feelings remaining inside to rot, deep rooted without a voice can really more or less harm health as proverbs say: to gnaw liver, to broke the heart, to have the hands itching, to daze, etc.-

In other terms, from the practical viewpoint and in general: for every one - especially but not only when child, and therefore involved in development - the free and available going from and forth of physical and psychological sublimations should have a prepared necessary background to ensure at best this aim if warranted by 
  1. adequate feeding, basic physical well-being, serene background, warm EXCHANGED affection, kind treatment, and - more basic - to be respectfully recognized;
  2. environmental competent pressure, avoidance to interfere the internal body pressures and trials toward new skills, timely approvals to lessen the physiological childish inadequacy feelings;
  3. real as well metaphorical "spaces" provided where to expand safe self-expressions.
But these factors are strictly co-related: as in physics increases in temperature require increases in space to accommodate the increase of internal pressures.
Very often when internal pressure tends to increase, a disposition manifests itself - grimly - by the general "vice" of medicalising the existence, of considering as "pathology" every manifestation of not-stillness: in sum up trying to lessen symptoms making instead more heavy the ambiance on adding a new pressure. A paradigmatic example is the reason for the so called three month colics of children healthy and content: the age related inability to "command" their own body owing precisely to boredom since the inability to willingly move by themselves for pleasure results in the disappointing state of being unable to experience more participation: how discouraging is to possess already the wish to do something but to not yet "be able" to do it! This is the reason why the so called colics do be "healed" when the baby is taken for a walk, when can take part in games with other children, when empty sucking or a dangling object relieve internal tension and - by relaxing - give a way to more confidently try "operating" legs and arms. In fact there are not colics in the sense of "illnesses", even if in this state of acute tension the bodily and psycho-behavioral sublimations go disorderly forward and backward inside and outside: the intestine of the baby worries parents and neighboughs, baby is in angry mood and in fact has bowels emitting wind, even sometimes passing diarrhoeic; any way in this "intestinal" turmoil the baby shares emotively, alternatively and/or contemporarily pleased, furious, scared. But after about three months how beautiful it is to find oneself in command of the space granted by ones own hands, to be able to mutter intentionally, to play little games with the legs, to enjoy the new prospective offered by an erect head. Warmth and space and pressure acting in a congruent way? Medicalization of life conducts on parameters of "evidence based" data? Often "anomaly" described on statistics emerges from not ever well planned documents, or rather on the contrary ignoring - if not scorning - other facts: as how much it is difficult to reach data sharing that the derelict and deprived babies have no "colics"!
However if at any age the concepts of food and affectionate warmth, to feed and tender relations are mixed; and so on reverse at any age one can suffer indigestion or feel uneasy on eating and digestion when it is not possible to digest properly not food but environmental "situations"; vice-versa without a corresponding growth of "warmth", the growths of "space" "grow colder", disorientate, and under this bewilderment lead for a hypersexualisation of relations, of experiences, of a deceptive "warming" compensation.
Who is at the "genital" - expansionist - phase tends to sway the others, to make them participate in his ventures: and so too bad raised people believes to resolve every problem, every actual sorrow on sexulizing life, on giving to sex the priority as for compensation as for griefs: even to confuse life and sex, every body occurrence and organs with sex ones.
Psychosomatics is not only a frame of global medicine: it would be the medicine in the whole itself, the medicine which utter objects are LIFE and - its ways towards - DEATH. Then there does not exist only "abusive" medicalisation: to enhance pressure on the whole environment, relapsing back from one to others, certainly exist structural collapses of physical bodies as real and proper illnesses. Also reversible illnesses exert for everyone conditions of difficult environmental pressures: without sufficient effective equivalents, without proper plans of direct action, and without expansive outlets, an ill person can risk to increse the damage directly to his body and undirectly to milieu. But exist even fatal "illnesses" involving together physical and non-physical bodies like conscious and active suicide, but also at least restlessly or even active research into accidents: until arriving at the maximum irreversible return of the sublimations towards the concrete, as death through self starvation, anaclitic depression, depressive "marasma"...: conditions when lacks are no longer perceived as needs, when everything becomes a "nothing", indifferent, empty.
But sublimations of inner homeostasis can open also outside: when internal pressures are not otherwise canalised, when the external world doesn't offer no warmth or no sufficient space one can reach a maximum of destructiveness without an end in itself. Unaccompanied by sufficient effective warmth the pure destructivity against itself - illnesses, drug addiction, accidents, chaotic recklessness - or against "the others" can widespread unconcerned and unlimited not having lived as such but only as a "dumping ground" of an extra to get rid of - e.g. the useless crimes of the bored boys/girls from "good families".
Also a mistimed excess of affective stimulations can become disorganising for the subject who already finds himself in or who is just entering a phase of directioned activity or of creative expansion: so interior conflict arouse, so a blamed energetic will to perform is transformed into awkwardness, disability, and errors: instead of in efficiency or in enterprise and so all collapses in fear, in anxiety, in preoccupations - i.e. literally in occupations that come first, before the deed to happen. For example this is the condition of children oppressed by pseudo-tender mothers but in essence egoistically possessive and/or anxiously aggressive; or children attended by elderly persons very needful in their turn of warmth and lacking in energy.

Different  Ages

The present file/chapter and Anamnesis? A way for healing... are strictly bound together, since managing a similar subject with different purposes and different resources to highlight the earliest origin of this whole work; and many of these concepts have to be strengthen by the description endorsed on Childhood: times of Mutability.
But to straightforward enter on the main matter related to this file/chapter it is to point out that ever body and its emotions - either the good ones or else also those, as "nostalgia" or "boredom", as near a sickness - are not absolute platonic ideas since factual moving - e-motion: from =
movere to move - occurrences. Besides the bodies of developmental ages have their own characteristics phase by phase, also the adult stage in its turn is not so static and definitive. In fact at any age even the everyday functioning, even the short banal rhythms of whatever part of the bodies are varied and involve energies, exchanges, methods of relationship from time to time differentiated and uneven: indeed at any age certainly are not equal the methods which control the lacks and the fulfillments, which organise the surpluses and the waste, the destructions and the reconstructions, the recyclings and the expulsions, or those which control the expansions, the adjustments, the assimilations, the renewals, the syntheses. Also on turning round, during the momentary course of a single day even in the body of a baby-in-arms - and of a foetus - as well of an old person - or else of every "animal" - these patterns and vital processes pursue each other and engage each other. But it is more and more, again and again to point out that during the development something more happens: in the differentiate course of each particular life time/stage each of these modalities is assumed as emblematic of the whole mode of existence, becomes a forma mentis, a prevailing system of relationship with the environment. Furthermore: there are working out these "famous" - but too often so misrepresented - complexes.
Every development of the individual personality and of the interaction between individual and environment
has its mark also in the physical sense and not only as relational one: between individual striving and sentimental aims, between pursuit of self-centred well being and social relationships, between enjoying rest and pleasure of action etc. Categorically at any time and age every attainment of aspects of the internal and external reality must be occur as preferential target through these well defined and uneven evolutive phases.
But it does not only concern the "outside world": each stage of development has from time to time its own representation-materialisation in well defined organs and bodily functions; also on the body itself the discontinuity exists and build separations between complex and complex. Within the scope of each of them lies instead the healthiest continuity, well balancing and capable of re-equilibrating itself in turn between the physical and the "sublimate": the more harmoniously, the more completely if the infantile phase has permitted it, the better it will get access to a fruitful "development". In fact "complex" literally means complicated, composed of various elements operatively joined together: so complex behaves precisely as a whole and a real "whole" not only expressing itself occasionally. Perhaps the mathematical absolute term of structure would express better the meaning than the term "complex",
instead too often so easy being mixed up.
Each complex is
formed by nature itself in an organised and typical way by biochemical and functional imbalances which have to be made ready and effectual in a systematic way at EVERY AGE: towards their biological broadening progressive orbit
  1. into needs,
  2. into sensations,
  3. into reactions,
  4. into state of mind,
  5. in affections,
  6. in human relations and connections with things, with knowledge and with work,
  7. in type of attack and defense,
  8. in cultural interests and appraisals
  9. in ways of adaptation, of expression, of possibilities, of understanding etc.

Wide and varied potentiality

Pleasure principle? and/or Civilization and Its Discontents?
If everyone wishes to arrive - or better: has permission - to possess and dominate to ripen at maximum his interior being, or - more modestly - to assure for the "psycho-somatic" body a balanced functioning, this can happen when during infancy a long and seemingly illogical road is pursued and achieved as if as a succession of various perceptions and fantasies, of variable conceptions and actions. Thus every body language, every body way to exist managed by the instincts prevalent at that given moment can bit by bit, with the necessary by degrees and completeness, re-dimension the internal and external reality: each one will thus be able to become experienced with the maximum intensity, and with deeper personal participation. Transformed more profitably into the baggage of experiences those participations become not only "savored" but also truly usable in both enrichment and protection. Bodily stuffs, development phases, inner and outer world mutability? Complicated, wrapped connection of different entities: apparently erratic? Their concrete logic has to be studied following its real "language", accepting their special characteristic which is of setting up for every individual a wide and varied potentiality at the same time to avail awareness of what is different from himself and aware of the relations which link with the outside world: it is to say that the feelings of differentiate inner experience can master manifold aspects of the outside world, and can become apt also to literally com-prehend them from their manifold points of view. The psychological complexes differ however from every abstract subject of mental study because they have a very precise base in the health body, each one in a specific part and precisely in those organs which make the boundary between internal and external. From time to time they put in parallel communication the differentiate and moving outside with the personal internal, but with an internal also in continuous change, with an internal world ever moved by balances and needs. Surely just the possibilities offered by all this changing inner world means to "be - really - alive"; but also it is just this mutability which can aid to move into and then "com-prehend" a not narrow exterior: an exterior to be assimilated and accommodated, to be gradually gathered into conscious memorized EXPERIENCE - of persons and things, of activities, of affections, of relationships and links, of facts and knowledge. But circularly in turn the "complex" concept implies into itself every facets of every situation: it is just such a "swallowing vortex stream" which allows to recognize and manage also the transformations that the individual induces in what surrounds him.
The human being however does have an inept and very prolonged infancy, also granted by a prolonged dependence on human environment and substantially characterized by an ensuing series of "in succession orbitals"; although a almost mainstream exterior defective, non-participating vision is inclined to mistake them as "capricious switches". Unfortunately these so frequent faults imply not only actual mismanagement but a lot of disarrays increasing in the long run, since this inept infancy - and the successive to be protect childhood - after all are above all preparatory stages of a
very difficult job to be regularly performed. But whilst all proceeds according with the changing development, if the external circumstances and the adult behaviors are not opposed or do not disturb each other and each phase, systematically and opportune inter-faces among the activated corporal zones and the inter-human relationships evolve and mature: to become more and more fully available in a full and complete form of existence. And turning round in accordance with their precise systematic internal calendar - to be repeated: due to an utter far-reaching range throughout the development - these alternate phases and different if not antithetical manners can point out and find on the surrounding all specific instruments to join the right way to be activated, even also "using" the near persons as "actors" making them to recite on the scene of the experiencing phase of life. And finally, coming back to the more concrete matter of the sublimations, during the course of infantile development a purely interior process does make certain organs and bodily functions become spontaneously protagonists: their psychic representation becomes overloaded with emotiveness, and the resultant sensations become privileged and therefore capable of unleashing neurovegetative storms - even till actual physical damage - so much as to attract, condense and intensify, focussing all available energy.


Long-term memory is subdivided into explicit (declarative) and implicit (procedural) memory. Explicit memory provides factual knowledge of the world (semantic) and personal past (episodic). Explicit memories are recollected in consciousness, with long-term encoding dependent on the hippocampus (Squire & Kandel, 1998). Implicit memory stores our skills, tasks, habits and emotional reflexes; however, their expression does not necessitate immediate transfer into the consciousness or require the hippocampus for long-term encoding, but is likely to be mediated through the cerebellum, basal ganglia and amygdala (Squire & Kandel, 1998)
Notwithstanding at any age of life the human environment as interpersonal society and determined "culture" tends to become - well or badly succeeding - an integral part of everyone whole life: usually so pervasive and heavy to be no more felt - the implicit language of Anthropological folk psychology - acting on every field of life but perhaps more strictly on narrowing the ways to rear children. Nowhere and almost nobody claims directly to "hate childhood" but, even if recently someone tries to promote that Let children to be children almost none of rhetoric studies - and also "laws" - refers to "child" as a concrete being, refers as losing sight of specific essence of the child being mutability, as that child is a being working at the difficult job of managing transformation, towards a varied and global preparation for a varied and uncoiled thriving life. Unfortunately to constrict spaces every time and everywhere society and culture exact a very strong pressure either on conscious and willing or on reluctant members: as implicit knowledge this pressure "dwells" inside everyone, comes to be part of internal psychosomatic organization, deeply interferes on choices, on prevailing forms of relationships and affections, on interpretative model of reality - so building "implicit" not acknowledged unassailable prejudices. Implicit and then ill-considered this internal command compels how to organize the selection of acquaintances, determines personal style of actions and even of determined somatic attitudes, if not somato-visceral patterns. Beyond restricting traditional cultures also inconsistent but powerful fashions do exist: if every type of static culture tends to privilege one or other style of being and acting, one or other type of "complex", it is not contradictory if at the same time temporary, whimsical "fashions" do try to reach their "ideal" integration. A totally successful adaptation to the surrounding small - fixed and/or inconsistent - human world itself implies then a large denial of otherwise, because the prevailing manner can become only a suffocating disapproval of the others. do exist: if every type of static culture tends to privilege one or other style of being and acting, one or other type of "complex", it is not contradictory if at the same time temporary, whimsical "fashions" do try to reach their "ideal" integration. A totally successful adaptation to the surrounding small - fixed and/or inconsistent - human world itself implies then a large denial of otherwise, because the prevailing manner can become only a suffocating disapproval of the others.

Does each of the great complexes possess its own materialisation in specific zones and functions of the body? Each of these developmental and environmental sectorialisations will tend to provoke in the body itself particular and specific defective imbalances till real peculiar illnesses. But also from unlike ways the various cultural milieus can hurt the same organs: is true that modern "civilization" can induce particular psychosomatic illnesses, but even the "simpler" civilizations certainly no less, and not even the animals are immune. "We civilized beings" die of heart attacks through excessive environmental demands, "they, the simple ones" - animals included - die through taboo or of desperation or nostalgia.
A frigid only abstract rhetoric, a lot of suffering and/or denied feelings of nostalgia and regrets coming from personal past occurrences, the concrete actual, familiar way and organization of living, as well dogmatism and convention have led to floods of words regarding children and their presumed needs, putting forward a bulk of "studies" - and pseudo-studies - regarding "how" to set up an "ideal" rearing. Floods of rhetoric, not always disinterested, are courses concerning the "sentimental needs" of an hypothetic so called "child" not taking into account that with the word "child" one can mean as much the new-borns as the sixteen year old ones. On the adult and environmental side it is almost disorienting to join the mass of chatting work "pontificating" sometimes in exaggerate favor, sometimes furiously against its need of "Mummy", or of its need for "play" and for permissiveness; or for application, for "socialization", for learning. It is claimed that is possible to overcome certain tendencies in the children by modifying them even with toys; as well either to transform the human "cub" into a permanent funny toy, or to compel as soon as possible to make intensive and unilateral working or sport, or art performances.

As above reasonably explained, "sublimation" doesn't be considered as a platonic idea nor as an only theoretic scheme, besides this description doesn't allude to a generic entirety: every constituent of each complex takes its place on the unfolding "anticyclone" and collecting "cyclone" scale of sublimations. Does oral complex need an everlasting warmth and relaxation? Do secluded "buds" thrive only if sheltered, fed and pampered? Is this state the happiest condition or rather a temporary balance where to achieve or regain rest and improvement? Then: is this alternatively a necessary passage of pause to refresh after and when the pressure has received relief on its expansion to external spaces? Or rather: are both of them part of a ring-shaped occurrence of ever renewed passages from rest to leisure, to gratification of conflict solving, to accomplishments and vice-versa recurring again to rest? For a plenty existence is it therefore enough to "fuse" into a family, to enjoy with sentiments, to be wrapped into feelings? Or on the contrary - if destitute of satisfactory issue - don't the throwing out forces boost so much temperature and pressure to result in the whole system at risk of explosion, of discharges of violence, even deadly violence as for typical example the possessive fake-jealousy? Therefore: are to be more "praised" calm or activity? Yin or Yang? Inward or outward? Or this antagonism has to be considered a very fatuous problem?

The need to be nourished and preserved is primary in time, but without any doubt the inner individual presence urges to manifest itself by the physiological energy to expel physically concrete substances - from bowels and bladder, or even by sneezes or cough - as well the "animal" life itself compels to spread out "energy" by skeleton and muscles, by sensorial curiosity and imagination and also by mental willing to perform and move towards. So then why does not be validated in anyone the anal complex with its forceful pressures thrusting outside? But if typically this complex has in charge internal tensions which, if badly regulated, can lead to illness, it acts the same handling sublimated forces which have to manage the "struggle for existence" and every external difficulties to be overcome. Just so this physiological complex can display and establish - from another more outwardly sublimated point of view - the aggression-escape pattern with its various methods of realization, transformation, redirection, with its endorsed "normal" - and normally apt to be managed - destructiveness.

As the oral one therefore also the anal complex is "normal" - both built either by concrete or sublimated constituents - as every life plan, but both are more involving at times specific ages and moments of everyones life: when anal one is at work its rough realities prevail over every inner feeling and longing for rest; and not only when compelled by necessity: if these are the forces which in adult life will become "work", at any age can manifest themselves also in "contradiction": leisure and agreeable games are then repetitive and "serious" involvements, in which the aim is to search for difficulties with which to test and to challenge oneself. The anal complex regards "things", "facts" not living deeds: as well to prove oneself against obstacles, not only effectual for profit rather even searched for taming overflowing energies. Besides it is not an incongruity that for mastering a too plenty of these forces one can - productively or for play - purposely be faced with "rules": abstract structures onto which a person can act out as a part of a material "not living" organization. The hard pleasure to experience and learn to control seems paradoxical, but how many also adults find extremely "restful" - "re-creative" - challenging themselves with tiring and pressing activities: not only "muscular" sport but even sedentary - from crosswords, to cards, to chess, to detective mysteries, to the "ship in a bottle"? And how many schoolchildren - and therefore already subject to activities of this type - conduct furious competitions of crosswords, naval battles etc., swap picture cards, play skittles, video-games etc.?

Children as needing puppies or as entertaining funny cubs?

Children as needing puppies or entertaining funny cubs?
Mystified motherhood as a long lasting covering task?
"Control" being the ability to precisely perform or even rather to master, unfortunately often should result confuse with its almost contrary: "inhibition" in sum up meaning "not to do ", meaning indirectly "to be tamed" instead "to master". Physiologically "to inhibit = do nothing" comes from a protection against a too powerful danger
or at least from an impeding shyness, but pathologically happens at command when one results a programmed tool: in childhood for adults' amusement, at every age for work, if not for being slaved to become a mute accomplice of evil aims. Any way respectively: are to be ever get children to avoid difficulties, weariness, efforts, trials with their errors, "discontents",  even "routs" and not allow with precautions to learn and be educated just by them? In fact for children as trainees to uncoil a plentiful life, often can be more important for the whole organism to exercise itself, not only to be cleaned in order to drop material waste: for healthy and joyful children/cubs it is mandatory to have play spaces and possibility where and when make the best use of their energetic aggressive tensions, in order  to experience and learn to tame and use aggressiveness: an utter advantage for the total body/mind organization. How much is as comprehensively important to discharge as to acquire? Joking on a pun regarding "all organism functions", an old advertisement for a laxative promised to "regularize the functions - as antonomasia - of the organism".
Children, whilst passing through every phase, ought to manage to resolve the Oedipus' Enigma of the Sphinx - what is this animal which is always changing, which passes from four legs to two, and then to three - the main "Enigma" which asks wait the answer regarding the "Self", the whole identity of every person being the same through every age. To manage to "uncoil" in the interior and to "understand“ that is literally to take inside the complexes is travel over every of their "orbit" or component without however canceling any of their moments, without neglecting any of their aspects, and especially without forcing or squandering their own individuality in order not to alienate themselves from the world or the self from themselves.

The "living self" can be and must be preserved beyond the times in its really lived present - either concrete and sublimate - but also in its experienced past as sublimated memory and as stored up concrete objects. But it exists also a way only built on sublimations: the future where willing, thoughts, purposes and fantasies make people being able to prepare the best for a real proper human evolution, on balancing all the changes of energy implicated,
even planning ahead the phase "senile" of the three legs.
But there does not exist only the theoretical cultural rhetoric, the sublimated abstractions: the child is truly "in the hands" of the adults who

  1. at any time impose their inscrutable reason and will
  2. "recognizing" the child's existence as a significant, unique "self person"
  3. or having in view only sons/daughters not as persons but as "something" only related to their requirements
  • subject children to the presence and quality of environmental stimulants;
  • interfere in the physical sensations and even determine them;
  • permit or refuse;
  • gratify in a way proportionate or excessively stimulating, or whimsical at random;
  • at the good side: organise "fantasies" helping to materialise them in games,
  • or on the contrary interfere in a heavy and sometimes even sadistical way in physical function
  • recognize instinctually the needs and easily provide to them,
  • or misinterpret any "request" in cry for "pain";
  • if not transform normal cares in worries to be "medicalized"
  • ...
However unfortunately - and with considerable harm to the new generations being brought up - conditions of disharmony are very widespread: the majority of adults are in fact incapable of or prevented from balancing

  1. the great quantity of affectionate warmth necessary in a home where there are children
  2. the environmental pressures and personal commitments at work
  3. the growth of their own evolutive capacities: biological sexuality in the whole - parenthood comprised - and sublimated creativity
  • and also in a so variant field to be prepared to harmonize all this in term of pressure of space and time
If a child is to enjoy the best form of upbringing, its real character cannot be changed nor can preferences be imposed, whilst instead - just as one cannot take off into the air from a moving vehicle - when the rearing cares are not timely realized, nothing can be mistimedly deliberaely "recovered". From the external only each of disregarded demands cannot be met later, nor can altered phases recover: neither the first unsatisfied one nor the successive; or better: any attempt to make amends for the first would seem like a gross interference and risk to worsen the following. Only the child itself, either in infancy or later in adulthood, can in its own way and in its own times attempt a "retrieval". To make a banal comparison: like a traveler who, having "missed" his proper train, cannot board a whichever next one, but must wait until the fitting train comes again to carry him towards his right destination. As explained more definitely on other already widely quoted files/chapters, surely a valid recover of missed phases or occurred traumas cannot happen following arbitrary schemes of "retrieval", of "therapy": only the child itself will be able to "play" in its own way missed, or abortive phases, uncontrolled fear or suffering: if seeking help it must be only at - by himself - chosen moment, to be handled by cautious, liable and skilled adults able to comply with its wishes, modes and times.

The child as the being on the roundabout road to development is naturally deprived or short of adequate instruments to channel responsibilities, of autonomous means of expression and expansion, and therefore if disregarded and not granted by an external support is unable to convey any outcome from its enormous stock of interior energies.

The organisation of body-to-outside sublimations has as guarantee also the "inward-outward" sensations acting from the very beginnings of development to the whole life circle: so a simple temporary diagnosis does not be sufficient to evaluate the better balance among bodily inner occurrences and their environmental interactions. In particular the momentary field of SENSATIONS does not fit by itself if not considering their continual evolutionary movement.
From the new-born stage - or rather: scientifically demonstrated from the sixth month of pregnancy - a baby can hear and see and perhaps smell: but this does not mean that what it hears and feels - i.e. what strikes the ears and eyes and nostrils - can be understood or recognised or localised from its very start. Mostly and at every stage of lfe the "distance-senses", the "energies-decoders" cannot really fulfill their task if not helped by the "nearness-senses", by the "stuff-verificators", as touch and taste. Besides as for every attainment of knowledge and at every age also this "teamwork" of sensations does not match if only sporadic: this "teamwork" does not be really successful whereas not checked and checked, tried and tried by proofs and deceptions: all these concentric circles can enhance step by step fruitful awareness of objets and situations connecting the material concrete surrounding world with the not-material - only energies' related - feelings received by the "energies decoder senses". Peculiar of humankind imbalance is the development of slow motor skills among precosious sensitive ones; only when assisted to compensate this discrepancy, the human baby
will be able to orientate itself on and with the environment, to "set itself up", becoming really able to "understand", to thrive being a "true itself" into a "real environment". In fact just from funding beginning of life one can try to manage how to link tactile feelings with audio-visual sensations, smells with tongue and lips taste: little by little, with active repetitions
, attempts and re-attempts, etc. But all this does not yet be a sufficient supply: beyond more or less autonomous "games" a someone elses' firm help is strongly needed. Unfortunately if all this doesn't be accomplished, how to ascertain outward effective reality from only inner inconsistent dreams or from incongruous misinterpretations if not delusions? In other words: how could become not at risk to madness a deprived baby impeded to discern unattainable worlds with their flooding occurrences? How could such an ill-fated baby accept at least the merely inner spaces, which are by themselves in - short - times continuallychanging in a "chaotic" way? Is - ever - folly the oblivion of a great sorrow or more often other than a deferred "oblivion"? Too often the consequences of "vacuity" could be worse: the lack of real and comprehensive awareness - to be acquired and settled little by little at any time - brings forth to grow people - "to grow" not to develop - in emptiness, in an unmoving void of meaning.
Look ill children descriptions on Empty Fortress (by
Bruno Bettelheim), and opposite ways to opposite results:
The Empty Fortress


Lasst mir Zeit

Basic trust in the child to be an initiator, an explorer and a self learner. An environment for the child that is physically safe, cognitively challenging and emotionally nurturing...? Lasst mir Zeit
by Emmi PiklerSensory Awareness Foundation



PRESSURE, VOLUME, TEMPERATURE? TIME: a unavoidable "sublimate stuff" 

In an unmoving void of meaning unfit bodies can't involve and act; only materially "grown" bodies remain for ever "inept" as unbalanced "entities" unaware either of what surrounds them or of their own interior and its changes... What are these "shapes" if not mere "tridimensional entities" to be defined only by - defective - measures? To be assumed at random on boundless spaces without whichever meaning by - impoverishing - confronts challenging "inferior" and its opposite?
A definition of "void" goes to "unlimited", "infinite": so >without any pressure a void functioning of a vaguely roving mind paradoxically covers infinite spaces: infinite, dilated spaces where, if the lack of constraining pressure gets volume to become limitless, the temperature collapses till chilling. On these frozen landscapes the "warm" tenderness and goodwill, cordial interchange and exciting curiosity become scattered if not lost in spaces and times where the consistent humaneneness evaporates; but, since the true "emptiness" cannot really exist, these loosened spaces prepare available fields to be invaded by something else very different. Anyhow such a defective development cannot give rise to appropriate in progress interactions; at their places the chilled and chilling destructiveness arouses and overflows. In the mildest cases from this lack of significance results distrustful and disturbing persons, unsettled, unstable and unaware as never developing new-born babies; become grown-up persons who - just as inexperienced babies - are indifferent of changes in
times mixing up causes and consequences, unconscious of the boundary between place and place, occasions and reasons, between feelings and feelings, between a "smashed self" and every surrounding entities. The presence of these everlasting NEW-BORNS concretely collects a variegated and encumbering crowd: a mass screaming to be "lonely" and behaving as "impudent", mourning to be "derelict" and upsetting as ever "demanding"; materializing a bunch ever selfish and unconcerned, moreover indifferently aggressive and accusing to be aggrieved: obviously more than indifferent on regard of the reciprocal pressure coming from each one's necessity and feelings, often "moralistic" but surely insensitive of - real - responsibility, replacing firm ethics with changing gathers of occasional, selfish confused sentiments and with the related improvise, erratic impulses.
Nevertheless in intellectual open spaces - luckily - sometimes could rise a "top soil" for a "productive" imagination, which - occasionally - could even come back on the concreteness to compact its products as "cultural goods". But this should not be considered and cultivated as a rule. Genius and madness: a compelling verity? Or rather instead: isn't logical to think that a more "gifted" baby - look at The Drama of the Gifted Child. The Search for the True Self by Alice Miller - would have bigger and more precise environmental needs than a common place one? and then that a future "genius" could suffer worse harms for their lack of fulfillment?


Certain characteristics ... hypersensitivity and constant rumination, or persistent contemplation reflect a pattern of temperament that some psychology researchers say connects mental illness, especially bipolar disorder and depression, with creativity. There have been more than 20 studies that suggest an increased rate of bipolar and depressive illnesses in highly creative people, says Kay Redfield Jamison, professor of psychiatry at Johns Hopkins University and author of the An Unquiet Mind, a memoir of living with bipolar disorder.
Experts say mental illness does not necessarily cause creativity, nor does creativity necessarily contribute to mental illness, but a certain ruminating personality type may contribute to both mental health issues and art.
This theory could help explain why eminent artists throughout history, suffered mood disorders. Sensitivity to one's surroundings is also associated with both creativity and depression, according to some experts. [???]
Creative people in the arts must develop a deep sensitivity to their surroundings -- colors, sounds, and emotions, says Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi, professor of psychology and management at Claremont Graduate University in Claremont, California. Such hypersensitivity can lead people to worry about things that other people don't worry [???]
about as much, he said, and can lead to depression.
"The arts are more dangerous [than other professions] because they require sensitivity to a large extent," he said. "If you go too far you can pay a price -- you can be too sensitive to live in this world."
Terence Ketter is professor of psychiatry and behavioral science at Stanford University. ... But more research is needed, says Ketter. The study does not explain the connection or show a causal relationship, he said.
Some have pointed out that being engaged in creative pursuits makes a person more open to experience, while others say the pressure of being engaged in the arts causes negative emotion, according to Ketter


Temperature, volume, pressure: does not need a more wide mind to be better protected during its evolution?
Some have pointed out that being engaged in creative pursuits makes a person more open to experience, while others say the pressure of being engaged in the arts causes negative emotion...
???
But: at which age? "Being engaged in creative pursuits"? When and how? From when to when?

My Heart leaps up when I beholdworld children
         
My heart leaps up when I behold
              A rainbow in the sky:
          So was it when my life began;
          So is it now I am a man;
          So be it when I shall grow old,
              Or let me die!
          The Child is father of the Man;
              I could wish my days to be
          Bound each to each by natural piety.
                                                           Written at Town-end, Grasmere: 1802

A more rich fantasy does not call for more warm wrapping which offers a secure plan to enlarge proficient orbits, where to advance knowledge and attainments, besides to restore from the risk to fly away on too much unfolded spaces? Or else: how and when can parents and teachers be able to conform at best - or at least without harming - their educational pressure on rearing children, more quick-witted than themselves? What means the Italian poetry The child has a hundred languages?
The child has
a hundred languages
(and a hundred hundred hundred more)
but they steal ninety-nine
.

The word "to e-ducate" comes from Latin ex-ducere, meaning to lead out of, but it then means also the need to help pupils' self ex-pression - a word which means literally: to go out from "pressure - and so it more widely helps "to develop". To communicate - literally: "to have together" - can raise merely on a fertile and adaptable ground of togetherness ambiance provided with a proper balance of inner temperature, pressure, volume - i. e. reciprocal fondness, partaken demands, space and time. To express and to communicate are not synonimes as sometimes mistaken, but the more inward expression tends to wreck if not leaning on the outward communication. To develop indicates a mutable journey, an obliged "pilgrimage" so unsettled, so instable - as its real, necessary "to be" - for easy bringing on the risk to be mixed-up and "re-involved" on stumbling into hindrances. So every stumbling block not only damages the present but moreover DEFRAUDS [to deprive of something by deception or fraud] - childhood of its values, organization and powers: to contrive human robots instead of to unfold their inner wealth.  Then at any case, how to assist children on reconciling with their inner pressure offeelings instead remaining inside to rot"? how to impede increasing pressures to heat up if not to explode?
 Sensible EXPERIENCE?

How harmful can be feelings remaining inside to rot, deep rooted wiìthourt a voice
Coming back to the average people, to "general" problems, the file/chapter -How to spoil a child - collects into some articles or excerpts by other Authors just dedicated to point out some educational faulty and narrowing methods, even if official and "bona fide".

To coil/embroil reflects to involve: is it the contrary of?

At a good side: only wrapped buds can thrive;  but also to uncoil previously embroiled matters can assist development once restored past. On the contrary- at a bad side - synonyms of to involve are to embroil/mislead meaning also to deceive, to DEFRAUD. 

Solid, gaseous... but where does reside the "liquid"?
Pressure, volume, TEMPERATURE...: scientific studies on solid and gaseous stuffs... can validat the metaphor for concreteness and abstraction of thinking: notwithstanding amid them in both sides more often occurs the liquid: being neither solid nor gaseous phase.
The Merriam-Webster Dictionary
writes:
Main Entry: 1liq·uid Pronunciation: 'li-kw& Function: adjective
Etymology: Middle English, from Middle French liquide, from Latin liquidus, from liquEre to be 1:fluid; akin to Latin lixa water, lye, and perhaps to Old Irish fliuch damp
flowing freely like water
2: having the properties of a liquid : being neither solid nor gaseous
3 a : shining and clear 'large liquid eyes'
being musical and free of harshness in sound
c smooth and unconstrained in movement

d: articulated without friction and capable of being prolonged like a vowel, like a liquid consonant
4 a: consisting of or capable of ready conversion into cash 'liquid assets' b : capable of covering current liabilities quickly with current assets

This site/book and then this file/chapter endorsing topics regarding children rearing, take to mean related subjective, psychosomatic consequences and connections: therefore avoiding assertions more pertinent to the very adults' socio-economic life. But in sum up directly or indirectly at every age - till Millennia - all people lives surrounded by apartticular NUMERAL worldwide "language" or rather "plunged" into the LIQUID realmof financial occurrences: "money", "business", "asserts" generally defined by dictionary
a: consisting of or capable of ready conversion into cash;
b: capable of covering current liabilities quickly with current assets, a natural feature or phenomenon that enhances the quality of human life;

c: computable wealth.

This "liquid" entity either concrete - as cash coins or paper money - or abstract as Stock Exchange continually impacts in commanding manner on every people's personal mainly emotional if not bodily life. Then it is necessary and not only appropriate briefly to notice the omnipotent and all-embracing presence of this sociological liquid phase, it is basic to recall these liquid, current liabilities, as well to deem how this MIDDLE substance and language - into which everyone is forced ever to impact - is either an easy way, a veritable LANGUAGE to express every thing, every fact, every time of work etc. on a quickly capable of ready computable conversion: any way also and being an underground ever menacing source of aggressiveness.
Then it is not difficult to make known what has to do with human psychosomatics, or better with not only human global
ecology: the concept and moreover the - disquieting - omnipresence of "money".
Since the maximum of psychosomatic balance is LIFE then it is logical to assume that since - in a way or in the quite opposite - starvation or illnesses more devastating for weakness deriving from lack of goods or too tiring labor result having MONEY as primary cause of DEATH, as well robberies and clashes if not real local and/or worldwide WARS.

To complete this file/chapter:

Anamnesis? A way for healing...

Childhood: times of Mutability


Sorry only in Italian, these PDF files/chapters can be downloaded to complete the references of the related printed books

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