Dissociation diCitato da Anna Abbiate Fubini Ŕ distribuito con Licenza Creative Commons Attribuzione - Non commerciale - Condividi allo stesso modo 4.0 Internazionale.
Based on a work at http://www.hiddenhurt.co.uk/dissociation.html.
Permessi ulteriori rispetto alle finalitÓ della presente licenza possono essere disponibili presso http://www.hiddenhurt.co.uk/dissociation.html.
August 12 2016
This site and the - next - book do NOT be a fount of notices but an ENCYCLOPEDIC gather of different subjects: one another to be read time by time, or better to be CONSULTED even for learning. And so this Web site will always be maintained under speedy and diligently revised construction:
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On the matter of fact people had to lament hindrances on looking through this site, and asked to be better orientated. To favour this need the site's map changed: as first sight one can begin from a simplified page opening wide the whole indexed files, both the Italian and the English and plurilingual ones, eventually before looking at the file prefacing the English pages, future first chapter of the English book. Any way the site is continually up-graded: to be carefully informed also on the past more significant ones it is suitable to go to the dedicated file Novelties on the site.
2) To read a book - a real book on paper, sewn and bound - is easier than reading long files on-line: English book - From children of YESTERDAY to adults of TOMORROW - which is now PUBLISHED, PRINTED and SOLD as a NORMAL BOOK as was already the Italian book from this site: Bambini di ieri = adulti di oggi. Adulti di oggi -> adulti di domani.
From children of YESTERDAY to adults of TOMORROW is print-ready in the Createspace system and will be available for purchase on Abebooks, and also on Kindle, as well on the Italian Bookstore Cortinalibri
Sorry only in Italian, the below PDF files/chapters should be read and also downloaded following the normal terms of Copyright:
File in PDF
Consapevolezza e memoria
ESPERIMENTI SU BAMBINE_I.PDF
Quando la cartella clinica Ŕ terapeutica... Dare ai ricordi una specie di seconda vita?
Medicina: scienza applicata e multidisciplinare: Emozioni, istinti, ricordi, contraddizioni
STUPRI DI GUERRA: I figli dell'odio
#excerpt, #clinical, #diagnosis, #misdiagnosis, #cult information
A spontaneous recent comment by a friend till teen age of a "multiple" girl:
The unconscious is like a great holding area or reservoir of unprocessed events. Anything we don't or can't assimilate consciously goes there. The unconscious holds irrelevant things such as images of strangers we see on the street. It also holds important things that need to be brought into conscious awareness but may be too big to fit our existing system (conscious mind). There are times when people are unable to fully assimilate the significance of an overwhelming experience such as a car accident. One of the passengers calmly calls an ambulance, administers first aid, and reroutes oncoming traffic. Once the ambulance arrives, she falls apart and cries hysterically. In order to take care of the immediate priorities, she dissociated her feelings and emotions temporarily. The dissociation allowed her to break up the oversized experience into manageable pieces. These were assimilated as soon as it was safe to do so. If the accident survivor didn't assimilate the dissociated part of her experience, she would probably suffer the PTSD symptoms.
Children are commonly seen to dissociate---not because of trauma, but because every time they get a new type of experience, they have to modify or expand their faculties in order to assimilate it. In the meantime, the experience is dissociated and held in the unconscious.
There, they "play with it," using their imagination until they work out a way to make a fit. Children go through a very high rate of new experiences and may frequently dissociate as a normal response to an unfamiliar event. They are continually modifying and expanding their system, or conscious mind. This is the process of growth and learning. As they mature, children may dissociate less and less, because there are fewer and fewer experiences that don't fit their conscious system.
Children rely extensively on adults for interpretation. Their developing comprehension is largely fashioned after that of their parents or caregivers. If caregivers are emotionally damaged, their own skewed view of the world is imposed upon their children.
Unresolved issues in the parents' unconscious are misinterpreted for the child. This is a common phenomenon known as projection.
For example, if parents feel shame but cannot admit it, they may deny it, separate themselves from it, disown it, dissociate from it, and project it onto their children. They then condemn their children as being shameful. In psychology this is described as retaliatory defense.
In other words, the shame the parents have within themselves but cannot accept is expressed by shaming the children. In fact, the less parents are able to accept the "monster" within themselves, the more readily they are able to see it in their children.
Emotionally troubled parents frequently reinforce skewed interpretations with abuse. If the abuse is extreme, as practiced by destructive families, a child's conscious world becomes overwhelmed. The extreme abuse is dissociated into the unconscious, but it cannot be made to fit, even in a misinformed way. The trauma remains dissociated. To survive, children tap into extraordinary coping skills, fashioned from within their own unconscious.
Our instinctive reactions to an assault are fight or flight. However, neither works when children are abused by sadistic adults. The only option left is to freeze, and take flight through the mind. A common initial coping mechanism is to escape the body. It is the beginning of clinical (amnestic) dissociation, which allows a shutting out of an unbearable reality. It is held unassimilated---in effect, frozen in time. A dissociated experience can be split up to store the emotions separate from bodily sensations, and the sensations separate from the knowledge of an event. In dissociating an experience, children split off a part of their self to hold the trauma. In some cases the dissociated aspects of self, immediately or over time, form their own and separate sense of self.
A dissociated identity, like a dissociated experience, can hold the entire event or parts of it. Alters may hold only a bodily feeling, only an emotion, or only the knowledge. One hundred abusive/traumatic incidents may be held by one identity or by one hundred or more identities. It may be helpful to think of each identity as holding an abusive experience. In this context, taken together, the identities hold a person's overwhelming traumas and express a survivor's entire life story.
When the abuse is over, the original self "returns" and resumes "normal" life, having no/little awareness of what has just transpired. If severely abused children were forced to experience the trauma they just lived through, they would probably NOT survive.
Some children maintain a complete split between their everyday life and the abusive episodes. They may be seen smiling when posing for family photographs. Perpetrators often use such photographs to prove there is nothing bad going on.
As abused children grow, their problems typically begin to mount. The load on their unconscious becomes increasingly great, and they feel overwhelmed. As some identities stay out more and more, they may begin to take over and operate in the child's day-to-day world. If the abuse continues or increases, the original self may stay out less and less and, in time, stop coming out at all. The survivor is then functioning through identities who "switch" to cope with day-to-day life.
In the November/December 1992 issue of The Sciences Magazine, Dr. Frank W. Putnam writes the following about survivors with dissociated identities. The (presenting) personality is almost never the (survivor's) original personality---the identity that developed between birth and the experience of trauma. That self usually lives dormant and emerges only after extensive psychotherapy.
Amnestic dissociation may be used for other purposes as well. Some identities are created to protect fragile, delicate, or creative and expressive parts of the child. An example is how the cult can manipulate dissociation to have a child create identities to serve their purposes. Fear and resistance are typical initial survivor responses to learning about dissociated parts or selves. Multiplicity can feel frightening if a survivor doesn't know what it is. Dissociated experiences/identities are frequently greeted with awe. It's natural to fear the unknown. How ever, once survivors understand the ingenuity of their own system, most develop admiration and respect for it. They no longer see it as awful but awesome.
There's a saying that "necessity is the mother of invention." Pushed beyond normal limits, people have discovered extraordinary abilities.
These abilities are in evidence by survivors who used their powers of the mind to survive. We as multiples are introducing the world to new realms of possibilities that have yet to be fully understood. With knowing and understanding comes appreciation. Regardless of an
identity's name, description, or personality, its main and common purpose is always to protect the child. Alters can manage extraordinary feats in their determination to keep the child safe. Sometimes these feats are beyond the range of normal human experience or comprehension.
Initially for survival, and later for managing day-to-day life, some survivors have developed extraordinary coping skills. Although these abilities may be wonderful in some respects, they have come at an exhorbitant price. While no two survivors are alike, some of the more commonly observed abilities in multiples are perfect memory, ability to heal unusually fast, ability to tolerate extreme levels of pain, and ability to self-anesthetize. By "switching," some survivors are also able to work almost continually with minimal rest. Some report the ability to perceive paranormally.
Each identity within the same person may have unique neurological and physiological responses. For example, some identities may require glasses, while others have perfect vision: some identities are allergic to smoke, while others may be chain smokers: some identities are almost deaf, while others have exceptionally good hearing: different alters within one person will register unique electroencephalogram, electrocardiograph, blood pressure, and pulse readings. Alters may have different allergies and different ailments and unique responses to medications. One identity may be diagnosed with an ailment, but a different identity may be "out" when the medication is taken. In this case, the original alter isn't helped, and the receiving alter may have unfavorable side effects.
Prescribing medication to survivors who are multiple should be done with special care and extra monitoring.
In the same way that alters protected the child, once survivors get to know their inner parts, most develop a strong reciprocal protectiveness and appreciation of them.
Aftereffects of trauma are still being researched, and diagnostic terminology continues to evolve. Some existing terms are being retired and new terms are being proposed. In keeping with evolving trends and thinking, we will use the term post-traumatic reactions to
indicate the overall condition; and the terms post-traumatic fear, dissociative experience, and dissociative identity to indicate the most prevalent reactions. Professionals are recognizing that post-traumatic reactions exist on a continuum, and many survivors use more than one coping strategy to survive. Trying to arrive at an exact diagnosis using existing terminology can be complex. It is sometimes more confusing than helpful to try to find the right "label."
The current list of specific diagnosis includes but is not limited to PTSD, also know as Post-Traumatic Stress Syndrome (PTSS); various dissociative disorders, which include Depersonalization Disorder, Dissociative Fugue, Dissociative Amnesia, and Dissociative Disorder-Not Otherwise Specified (DD-NOS); Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID), formally referred to as Multiple Personality Disorder (MPD); and desensationalize and normalize the survivor experience
The most frequent misdiagnosis is identifying secondary symptoms as the primary problem. Because most survivors are not aware of their traumatic past, they rarely seek help for post-traumatic reactions. However, the aftereffects of trauma often include a variety of symptoms, which survivors usually identify as "the problem." Related secondary diagnosis' include depression, physical ailments, chemical dependency, and eating disorders. d
The symptoms of unintegrated trauma are very similar to and therefore often confused with various personality or mental disorders. Common misdiagnoses may include: paranoid schizophrenic, borderline personality, bipolar personality, anxiety disorder, attention deficit disorder, clinical depression, and psychosis. While these conditions may be present in survivors, they, too, are often secondary, not primary, problems.
The list of physical problems identified as primary rather than secondary diagnosis is almost endless. Survivors may be diagnosed with or without corroborative test results. A common, although certainly not an exhaustive, list of misdiagnoses may include temporal lobe
epilepsy, allergies, thyroid problems, dyslexia, genital problems, digestive and elimination tract disorders, chronic infections, skin disorders, and asthma.
Although it is important to treat all symptoms, treating the secondary diagnoses alone without addressing their traumatic source will not yeild satisfactory results over the long term. Unless a physician or therapist has made a point of learning the signs and symptoms of
unintegrated trauma, survivors may remain undiagnosed or misdiagnosed for long periods of time. A recent study showed that it took an average of seven years before a person with dissociated identity was properly diagnosed. The best indicator of possible misdiagnosis, physical or psychological, is unresponsiveness to treatment.
Further articles of interest:PTSD in Children and Adolescents - a National Center for PTSD fact sheet
By Jessica Hamblen, Ph.D.
The diagnosis of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) was formally recognized as a psychiatric diagnosis in 1980. At that time little was known about what PTSD looked like in children and adolescents. Today, we know children and adolescents are susceptible to developing PTSD and that PTSD has different age-specific features. In addition we are beginning to develop child-focused interventions. Further information is provided below regarding: what events cause PTSD in children, how many children develop PTSD, risk factors, what PTSD looks like in children, other effects of trauma on children, treatment, and what you can do for your child (note: all linked to below).
Based in part on the Psychometrics of A New Version of the World View Survey, Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry.
This article has been reproduced by permission of the National Center for PTSD.
...ritual abuse groups may share the following characteristics with coercive cults: ...dogma is more important than people, ... a radical separation of good and evil,... a demand for purity," members are watched all the time and their loyalty is tested "... the dogma is enacted through rituals,... regularly observe(d) rituals, rituals frequently invoke supernatural intervention,... staged events such as planned spontaneity... mystical manipulations, cults capitalize on members' fear and ignorance,... a sense of separateness (is promoted) through an "us" and "them" mentality, ... siege mentality with a paranoid view of the outside world, humor is forbidden, resistance of members is worn down through physical and emotional manipulations, a person's identity is destroyed... to create a new one," members give up their autonomy to be approved," mind control is used to indoctrinate the victim into the group's belief system, individuality is uniformly suppressed,... a well-defined hierarchy," members are used to benefit leader(s), "mind control is used ...to convert the victim to the group's belief system,... to insure secrecy... and to carry out cult instructions. (Safe Passage to Healing p 47 48)
Survivors in cults may be taught to feel
superior to others.
This creates feelings of alienation. They may be
to behave outside the cult and who to have as friends.
Safe Passage to Healing states
that protector or
alters, may sound like they are still cult active.
The leader is always right and dissent is frowned upon or squelched.(Excerpts from S M A R T (Stop Mind control And Ritual abuse Today Issue 29 - Nov. 1999
Web site's Internal related Index:
Anamnesis? A way for healing...
CONSCIOUSNESS AND MEMORY
TOTEM AND TABOO REVISITED: awful and fertile rise of new superstitions
Delgado & Skinner
Memory recovery and screen memories
war crimes and "sons of hate": STUPRI DI GUERRA
Regina Louf - Silenzio.Qui si uccidono bambini!
Read also the Amazon's Author presentation
Anna Abbiate Fubini-Biography&Bibliography
To up-dates and suggestion: Novelties on the site
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