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Dissociation


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Dissociation

Internal index:
 #excerpt, #clinical, #diagnosis, #misdiagnosis, #cult information

A spontaneous recent comment by a friend till teen age of a "multiple" girl:
[ I felt not to care for "one" person: instead to be with a "collective cooperative"]
- mi sembrava di aver a che fare con una "cooperativa" non con "una" persona.
Look at site Hidden Hurt for a complexive glance of the matter.
Quoted entirely from: HIDDEN HURT: Domestic Abuse Information

(Excerpted from Compton's Interactive Encyclopedia)

The unconscious is like a great holding area or reservoir of unprocessed events. Anything we don't or can't assimilate consciously goes there. The unconscious holds irrelevant things such as images of strangers we see on the street. It also holds important things that need to be brought into conscious awareness but may be too big to fit our existing system (conscious mind). There are times when people are unable to fully assimilate the significance of an overwhelming experience such as a car accident. One of the passengers calmly calls an ambulance, administers first aid, and reroutes oncoming traffic. Once the ambulance arrives, she falls apart and cries hysterically. In order to take care of the immediate priorities, she dissociated her feelings and emotions temporarily. The dissociation allowed her to break up the oversized experience into manageable pieces. These were assimilated as soon as it was safe to do so. If the accident survivor didn't assimilate the dissociated part of her experience, she would probably suffer the PTSD symptoms. 
Children are commonly seen to dissociate---not because of trauma, but because every time they get a new type of experience, they have to modify or expand their faculties in order to assimilate it. In the meantime, the experience is dissociated and held in the unconscious.
There, they "play with it," using their imagination until they work out a way to make a fit. Children go through a very high rate of new experiences and may frequently dissociate as a normal response to an unfamiliar event. They are continually modifying and expanding their system, or conscious mind. This is the process of growth and learning. As they mature, children may dissociate less and less, because there are fewer and fewer experiences that don't fit their conscious system. 
Children rely extensively on adults for interpretation. Their developing comprehension is largely fashioned after that of their parents or caregivers. If caregivers are emotionally damaged, their own skewed view of the world is imposed upon their children
Unresolved issues in the parents' unconscious are misinterpreted for the child. This is a common phenomenon known as projection.
For example, if parents feel shame but cannot admit it, they may deny it, separate themselves from it, disown it, dissociate from it, and project it onto their children. They then condemn their children as being shameful. In psychology this is described as retaliatory defense.
In other words, the shame the parents have within themselves but cannot accept is expressed by shaming the children. In fact, the less parents are able to accept the "monster" within themselves, the more readily they are able to see it in their children. 
Emotionally troubled parents frequently reinforce skewed interpretations with abuse. If the abuse is extreme, as practiced by destructive families, a child's conscious world becomes overwhelmed. The extreme abuse is dissociated into the unconscious, but it cannot be made to fit, even in a misinformed way. The trauma remains dissociated. To survive, children tap into extraordinary coping skills, fashioned from within their own unconscious. 

CLINICAL (AMNESTIC) DISSOCIATION

Our instinctive reactions to an assault are fight or flight. However, neither works when children are abused by sadistic adults. The only option left is to freeze, and take flight through the mind. A common initial coping mechanism is to escape the body. It is the beginning of clinical (amnestic) dissociation, which allows a shutting out of an unbearable reality. It is held unassimilated---in effect, frozen in time. A dissociated experience can be split up to store the emotions separate from bodily sensations, and the sensations separate from the knowledge of an event. In dissociating an experience, children split off a part of their self to hold the trauma. In some cases the dissociated aspects of self, immediately or over time, form their own and separate sense of self. 
A dissociated identity, like a dissociated experience, can hold the entire event or parts of it. Alters may hold only a bodily feeling, only an emotion, or only the knowledge. One hundred abusive/traumatic incidents may be held by one identity or by one hundred or more identities. It may be helpful to think of each identity as holding an abusive experience. In this context, taken together, the identities hold a person's overwhelming traumas and express a survivor's entire life story. 
When the abuse is over, the original self "returns" and resumes "normal" life, having no/little awareness of what has just transpired. If severely abused children were forced to experience the trauma they just lived through, they would probably NOT survive. 
Some children maintain a complete split between their everyday life and the abusive episodes. They may be seen smiling when posing for family photographs. Perpetrators often use such photographs to prove there is nothing bad going on. 
As abused children grow, their problems typically begin to mount. The load on their unconscious becomes increasingly great, and they feel overwhelmed. As some identities stay out more and more, they may begin to take over and operate in the child's day-to-day world. If the abuse continues or increases, the original self may stay out less and less and, in time, stop coming out at all. The survivor is then functioning through identities who "switch" to cope with day-to-day life. 
In the November/December 1992 issue of The Sciences Magazine, Dr. Frank W. Putnam writes the following about survivors with dissociated identities. The (presenting) personality is almost never the (survivor's) original personality---the identity that developed between birth and the experience of trauma. That self usually lives dormant and emerges only after extensive psychotherapy
Amnestic dissociation may be used for other purposes as well. Some identities are created to protect fragile, delicate, or creative and expressive parts of the child. An example is how the cult can manipulate dissociation to have a child create identities to serve their purposes. Fear and resistance are typical initial survivor responses to learning about dissociated parts or selves. Multiplicity can feel frightening if a survivor doesn't know what it is. Dissociated experiences/identities are frequently greeted with awe. It's natural to fear the unknown. How ever, once survivors understand the ingenuity of their own system, most develop admiration and respect for it. They no longer see it as awful but awesome. 
There's a saying that "necessity is the mother of invention." Pushed beyond normal limits, people have discovered extraordinary abilities.
These abilities are in evidence by survivors who used their powers of the mind to survive. We as multiples are introducing the world to new realms of possibilities that have yet to be fully understood. With knowing and understanding comes appreciation. Regardless of an
identity's name, description, or personality, its main and common purpose is always to protect the child. Alters can manage extraordinary feats in their determination to keep the child safe. Sometimes these feats are beyond the range of normal human experience or comprehension. 
Initially for survival, and later for managing day-to-day life, some survivors have developed extraordinary coping skills. Although these abilities may be wonderful in some respects, they have come at an exhorbitant price. While no two survivors are alike, some of the more commonly observed abilities in multiples are perfect memory, ability to heal unusually fast, ability to tolerate extreme levels of pain, and ability to self-anesthetize. By "switching," some survivors are also able to work almost continually with minimal rest. Some report the ability to perceive paranormally
Each identity within the same person may have unique neurological and physiological responses. For example, some identities may require glasses, while others have perfect vision: some identities are allergic to smoke, while others may be chain smokers: some identities are almost deaf, while others have exceptionally good hearing: different alters within one person will register unique electroencephalogram, electrocardiograph, blood pressure, and pulse readings. Alters may have different allergies and different ailments and unique responses to medications. One identity may be diagnosed with an ailment, but a different identity may be "out" when the medication is taken. In this case, the original alter isn't helped, and the receiving alter may have unfavorable side effects.
Prescribing medication to survivors who are multiple should be done with special care and extra monitoring.
In the same way that alters protected the child, once survivors get to know their inner parts, most develop a strong reciprocal protectiveness and appreciation of them. 

CLINICAL DIAGNOSIS

Aftereffects of trauma are still being researched, and diagnostic terminology continues to evolve. Some existing terms are being retired and new terms are being proposed. In keeping with evolving trends and thinking, we will use the term post-traumatic reactions to
indicate the overall condition; and the terms post-traumatic fear, dissociative experience, and dissociative identity to indicate the most prevalent reactions. Professionals are recognizing that post-traumatic reactions exist on a continuum, and many survivors use more than one coping strategy to survive. Trying to arrive at an exact diagnosis using existing terminology can be complex. It is sometimes more confusing than helpful to try to find the right "label."
The current list of specific diagnosis includes but is not limited to PTSD, also know as Post-Traumatic Stress Syndrome (PTSS); various dissociative disorders, which include Depersonalization Disorder, Dissociative Fugue, Dissociative Amnesia, and Dissociative Disorder-Not Otherwise Specified (DD-NOS); Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID), formally referred to as Multiple Personality Disorder (MPD); and desensationalize and normalize the survivor experience

AVOIDING MISDIAGNOSIS

The most frequent misdiagnosis is identifying secondary symptoms as the primary problem. Because most survivors are not aware of their traumatic past, they rarely seek help for post-traumatic reactions. However, the aftereffects of trauma often include a variety of symptoms, which survivors usually identify as "the problem." Related secondary diagnosis' include depression, physical ailments, chemical dependency, and eating disorders. d
The symptoms of unintegrated trauma are very similar to and therefore often confused with various personality or mental disorders. Common misdiagnoses may include: paranoid schizophrenic, borderline personality, bipolar personality, anxiety disorder, attention deficit disorder, clinical depression, and psychosis. While these conditions may be present in survivors, they, too, are often secondary, not primary, problems. 
The list of physical problems identified as primary rather than secondary diagnosis is almost endless. Survivors may be diagnosed with or without corroborative test results. A common, although certainly not an exhaustive, list of misdiagnoses may include temporal lobe
epilepsy, allergies, thyroid problems, dyslexia, genital problems, digestive and elimination tract disorders, chronic infections, skin disorders, and asthma. 
Although it is important to treat all symptoms, treating the secondary diagnoses alone without addressing their traumatic source will not yeild satisfactory results over the long term. Unless a physician or therapist has made a point of learning the signs and symptoms of
unintegrated trauma, survivors may remain undiagnosed or misdiagnosed for long periods of time. A recent study showed that it took an average of seven years before a person with dissociated identity was properly diagnosed. The best indicator of possible misdiagnosis, physical or psychological, is unresponsiveness to treatment.

Further articles of interest:

Coping with PTSD by Joe Ruzek, Ph.D.

PTSD in Children and Adolescents - a National Center for PTSD fact sheet
By Jessica Hamblen, Ph.D.
The diagnosis of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) was formally recognized as a psychiatric diagnosis in 1980. At that time little was known about what PTSD looked like in children and adolescents. Today, we know children and adolescents are susceptible to developing PTSD and that PTSD has different age-specific features. In addition we are beginning to develop child-focused interventions. Further information is provided below regarding: what events cause PTSD in children, how many children develop PTSD, risk factors, what PTSD looks like in children, other effects of trauma on children, treatment, and what you can do for your child (note: all linked to below).

PTSDNational Center for PTSD website!


Look up:

And read the excerpted quotes from: S M A R T (Stop Mind control And Ritual abuse Today)

Cult Information Article

...ritual abuse groups may share the following characteristics with coercive cults: ...dogma is more important than people, ... a radical separation of good and evil,... a demand for purity," members are watched all the time and their loyalty is tested "... the dogma is enacted through rituals,... regularly observe(d) rituals, rituals frequently invoke supernatural intervention,... staged events such as planned spontaneity... mystical manipulations, cults capitalize on members' fear and ignorance,... a sense of separateness (is promoted) through an "us" and "them" mentality, ... siege mentality with a paranoid view of the outside world, humor is forbidden, resistance of members is worn down through physical and emotional manipulations, a person's identity is destroyed... to create a new one," members give up their autonomy to be approved," mind control is used to indoctrinate the victim into the group's belief system, individuality is uniformly suppressed,... a well-defined hierarchy," members are used to benefit leader(s), "mind control is used ...to convert the victim to the group's belief system,... to insure secrecy... and to carry out cult instructions. (Safe Passage to Healing p 47 48)

Survivors in cults may be taught to feel superior to others. This creates feelings of alienation. They may be programmed how to behave outside the cult and who to have as friends. 
Can people "unknowingly" reporting back to the original cult or other cults (online or offline)?

Safe Passage to Healing states that protector or maintainer alters, may sound like they are still cult active. 
It is very important to cut all contact with possible cult members and/or unhealthy groups that may have handlers (people that know the triggers and use them for their own or someone else's benefit.)
The strong need for some survivors to be a part of something, anything, even if it may be harmful to the person. Ends justify the means. Doing immoral things to help "protect" the group.  Survivors join the group to heal, but the malevolent survivor groups hidden goal could be to keep them from healing by "messing them up." This survivor group may be controlled or may have been formed by an outside group, cult or organization.
It is difficult to know when one is brainwashed, esp. if this is occurring in an alter. Codependency characteristics can be used by some groups to revictimize survivors, making them emotionally dependent on the group.
Codependency can be defined as a condition marked by an inordinate reliance on person(s), thing(s), or activities, for personal well-being and self-esteem (Breaking the Circle... preface section.) This could include the use of guilt or strong emotions to bond a person to the group.
 Hassan's (Combatting Cult Mind Control) criteria for mind control in a group. 

The leader is always right and dissent is frowned upon or squelched.
The organization considers themselves a team and not allow others in, or other survivor orgs. are considered bad.
They are the best org. their team is the best.
The leader or leadership group makes all the important decisions, all must follow, public dissent is squelched.
Some people may take the name of the leader or imitate the leader.
In a malevolent org. those that follow the leader's rules are complimented, those that dissent are told they are difficult or impolite, their opinions are dismissed as an attack, not acknowledged that they might have some validity.
(Excerpts from S M A R T  (Stop Mind control And Ritual abuse Today  Issue 29 - Nov. 1999

Ritual Abuse: International Clinical Perspectives

The Los Angeles campus of the California School of Professional Psychology of Alliant International University is sponsoring a one-day workshop entitled  
Ritual Abuse: International Clinical Perspectives
Friday, October 19, 2012, 9am to 4pm, Los Angeles California
Attendance will be $30 per person, payable at the door or on the website for Alliant International University (this option will be available in the near future). CEU accreditation is pending. You are welcome to cross-post to other interested individuals and lists. The date of the workshop is Friday, October 19, 2012, from 9 am until 4 pm at the Los Angeles campus located at 1000 N Fremont, Alhambra, CA. Lunch and parking fees are not included.

Ritual Abuse: International Clinical Perspectives
Introduction: This day-long workshop provides training for mental health practitioners on the topic of ritual abuse. The presenters are all clinicians with clinical and forensic experience as well as previous and ongoing scholarly work in this area.

Valerie Sinason, PhD, Clinic for Dissociative Studies, London, United Kingdom:
When Confidential Work is in the Public Eye: The Socio-Political Problems of Psychoanalytically Oriented Work with Ritual Abuse Survivors.�
Abstract: Whilst a Consultant Psychotherapist at the Tavistock Clinic, the largest National Health Service psychoanalytic psychotherapy training and treatment centre in the UK, Sinason was asked to supervise the therapy of a traumatised woman with intellectual disability in Sweden. It emerged she had been tortured by a group of staff who involved her in abusive activities in cemeteries, churches and other places. In discussing this work in the UK Sinason received referrals at the Tavistock Clinic of white middle class professional women who stated they were victims of ritual abuse. At this point in 1990 in the UK, ritual abuse was seen as something that had happened in the USA alone. Together with a Consultant psychiatrist and psychoanalyst Dr Robert Hale, who was Chairman of the Portman Clinic, the Forensic part of the Tavistock trust, Department of Health funding was sought to look into the lack of adequate police and health service responses. A four year research project was undertaken which was significant, not just in itself, but in the social and media responses to such extreme trauma. A significant minority of the research group turned out to have dissociative identity disorder (DID), something there had been no training in at that point. This presentation looks at the secondary traumatisation to clinicians and the wider population and the impact on clinicians of working in an area impacted on by media fears.
About the Speaker: She is currently Director of the Clinic for Dissociative Studies, London. Dr. Sinason is an Honorary Consultant Psychotherapist to the Cape Town Child Guidance Clinic, University of Cape Town Psychology Department and President of the Institute for Psychotherapy and Disability. She is a widely published and anthologized Poet, with two full-length collections, the last being Night-Shift (1996), Karnac Books. She has written extensively on psychotherapy, disability and abuse with over 70 published peer-reviewed papers, chapters and books. She was a Consultant Child Psychotherapist at the Tavistock Clinic where she worked from 1987 until July 1999 and was a Consultant Psychotherapist at both the Anna Freud and Portman Clinics from 1994-7. She was Consultant Research Psychotherapist/Psychoanalyst at St Georges' Hospital Medical School, University of London, Psychiatry of Disability Dept. from 1995-2007.
She specializes in disability, trauma and abuse and is regularly used as an expert in court cases. Among her recent books are: Attachment Trauma and Multiplicity (Sinason, 2011) and Treating Survivors of Satanist Abuse (Sinason, 1994).

Adah Sachs, MA, London, United Kingdom:
Infanticidal Attachment: the Pathway from RA into DID
Abstract: The damage of ritual abuse (RA) goes far beyond the agony and terror that it produces in any individual. Most notably, it appears to affect further generations; and, counterintuitively, the involvement of each individual with the abusive group can be very hard to stop. The 'hold' that such groups have on individuals have been a source of confusion and frustration to survivors and therapists alike. This talk will propose that attachment, our most basic safety and survival instinct, can also become a Trojan Horse through which the worst damage may invade mind and body. This newly suggested type of attachment can fracture the Self, produce dissociative disorders and leave a person unable to maintain any safety. As this is precisely the opposite of what attachment is meant to do, such presentation should be seen as a corruption of the attachment instinct, or an attachment disorder. The talk will describe in detail how this process occurs, show the cyclical relationship between RA and dissociative disorders and point to the places where the vicious cycle may be interrupted.
About the Speaker: Adah Sachs is a UKCP Registered Psychoanalytic Psychotherapist, a member of the Bowlby Centre and Consultant Psychotherapist at the Clinic for Dissociative Studies, London. She is also a Visiting Lecturer on trauma and dissociation and a Training Supervisor on the MA Psychotherapy Programmes at the Centre for Child Mental Health and at the Bowlby Centre. She has authored numerous international presentations and publications on the topics of attachment, dissociation, and abuse. Among her scholarly contributions is her book, Forensic Aspects of Dissociative Identity Disorder (Sachs and Galton, 2008).

Alison Miller, PhD, Victoria, BC, Canada:
Dialogue with the Higher-Ups�
Abstract: Organized mind-controlling abuser groups deliberately create dissociative disorders in the children they abuse, and structure their victims' personality systems in a hierarchical manner. Each deliberately created alter personality has a job, and a boss, and is trained for unthinking obedience and loyalty to the perpetrator group or "family." High-up alters enforce the rules by ordering and administering punishments to those who disobey, for example by disclosing secrets. Successful therapy involves reaching out to these higher-ups and engaging them in dialogue which leads them to question what they have been taught. An actual dialogue (by e-mail) with the higher-up alters of a survivor of ritual abuse and mind control will be used to illustrate how to engage in such dialogue, important topics to address, and the therapeutic changes effected by such dialogue.
About the Speaker: Dr. Miller is presently in private practice in clinical psychology, specializing in abuse survivors, persons with dissociative disorders, and in particular survivors of organized abuse including ritual abuse and mind control. She also addresses child and family problems, and parenting issues.
Dr. Miller coordinated the Child and Youth Program at the Victoria Mental Health Centre for many years, and is the originator and Director of Living in Families Effectively (LIFE) Seminars, educational family living seminars presented as courses, videotapes, printed materials, and part of the Good Medicine program for aboriginal nations. She has made many presentations about dissociative disorders and organized child abuse, and has published
articles on these topics. Her most recent publication is Healing the Unimaginable: Treating Ritual Abuse and Mind Control published in London by Karnac Books (Miller, 2012).

Randy Noblitt, PhD, Alliant International University, Los Angeles, USA:
Accessing Dissociated Mental States
Abstract: Ritual abuse can be conceptualized as extremely painful or humiliating procedures that are inflicted to train victims to respond with trance, amnesia, and dissociation of identity. Why do perpetrators engage in these abuses? This kind of perpetration creates a sense of immense power and allows predators to engage in bizarre sexual abuses that the victims are unable to resist or report because of their incapacitating experience of dissociation of consciousness, memory and identity caused by the trauma. In the case of Satanic ritual abuse the ceremonial trauma results in what some call multiple personalities, something that many authors have noted to be similar or identical in appearance to spirit or demon possession. The survivors of ritual abuse are trained to react with dissociative responses to specific triggering stimuli. This workshop teaches psychotherapists how to identify clients who are trigger responsive and how to work in a productive manner to identify the component parts and mechanisms of their dissociative systems in support of recovery. Specific techniques for clinical use will be demonstrated.
About the Speaker: Randy Noblitt is Professor of Clinical Psychology at the Los Angeles campus of the California School of Professional Psychology at Alliant International University. Dr. Noblitt developed a year-long elective Trauma & Dissociation for the Clinical PsyD Program. He is the author with Pamela Perskin of Cult and Ritual Abuse: Its History, Anthropology, and Recent Discovery in Contemporary America (Noblitt & Perskin, 2000) and together they edited Ritual Abuse in the Twenty-First Century.(Noblitt & Noblitt, 2008).



Web site's Internal related Index:

Anamnesis? A way for healing...
CONSCIOUSNESS AND MEMORY

TOTEM AND TABOO REVISITED: awful and fertile rise of new superstitions
Delgado & Skinner

Flashbacks
Memory recovery and screen memories
war crimes and "sons of hate": STUPRI DI GUERRA
 Regina Louf - Silenzio.Qui si uccidono bambini!

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